Aasgaard's & Brohaugh's from Akershus & Hedmark

Ole Christophersen Brohaugh
Eidsvoll, Akershus, Norway From the book “The Brohaugh’s in America” by Agnes Brohaugh and Don Brohaugh, published 1985, used with permission from Don Brohaugh.
Ole is the grandfather to Martinus Aasgaard, and the great grandfather to Mina (Aasgaard) Nysetvold Ole Christophersen was born in Norway in 1808. He bought Søndre Brohaug (Southern Brohaug) in 1831 for 400 daler.
Brohaug Farm in the 1865 Census of Norway The official records show that he bought the farm from his uncle, Peder Bentsen, who then moved to Rønsen for better pasture and hay fields. Other records, however, show that Ole’s father, Christopher Bentsen, also lived on the farm, and had obtained free maintenance for himself and his wife in exchange for the deed to the property. Possibly both his father and his uncle had previously farmed Southern Brohaug.
Ole had married Berthe Olea (Oline?) Jensdatter in 1830. Berthe died in March of 1836, only 25 years old, leaving one daughter Marthe Christine.

After the death of his first wife, Ole married Karen Andersdatter Langseth in 1838. Although we have generally not delved into the genealogy of the wives, the following information was found about Karen’s family:

*Karen’s grandfather was:
Henrik Andersen, born 1749. He married Berte Taraldsdatter and had a farm at Langsettun from 1790-1807.
Their son, Anders Henriksen, born 1785 (died 1849), he married Olea Olsdatter and had the farm at Langsettun from 1807-1849. Their children were:
Ole, Hans, Berthe Marie, Anne Dorthea, Karen and Ingeborg Marie.

Karen and Ole had eight children, but one, Gustava,died at about three years of age.
Karen herself died in Norway in 1861.

In addition to farming, Ole apparently engaged in logging some of the forested area of the farm. Once a violent storm came up while his logs were being floated down the river (Vorma?) to a mill. Rafts were broken apart and logs scattered. Since the value of the timber would have been almost one thousand dollars (U.S.), it was a tragic loss for the family. One of Ole’s sons said later it was the only time he saw his father cry. In 1869, Ole Christophersen Brohaugh and the seven children from his second marriage emigrated to America. Rumors have persisted that he left to avoid local pressures to get married again, but these were probably jocular. The more likely reasons would have been economic, as discussed in Chapter 1. They left Norway in April, 1869 and arrived in New York City in May, on board the ship "Alepo".
The passenger list for this ship shows the following arriving passengers. Ole Borhaug age 59 and his occupation was a Laborer from Germany.
Christophin Borhaug age 27 and his occupation was a Laborer from Germany.
Berd Borhaug age 25 and his occupation was a Laborer from Germany.
Olava Borhaug age 29 and she was a spinster from Germany.
Olina Borhaug age 22 and she was a spinster from Germany.
Ole Borhaug age 14 and his occupation was a Laborer from Germany.
Gustav Borhaug age 11 and he was listed as a child.
Marthia Borhaug age 10 and she was listed as a child from Germany.
Hans Borhaug age 38 and his occupation was listed as a Laborer from Germany. Note the typical misinformation in public records, notably the atrocious misspellings and the wrong country of origin. From New York they traveled on to Red Wing, Minnesota, the last stage of the journey being made by river steamboat. The youngest son, Gustave, kept a brief record of the trip in a little notebook (which we still have) given to him before he left Norway. A translation of the trip commentary from this notebook follows: (Translation by George Olaf Brohaugh)
I left Christiania (now Oslo) the 23rd of April. Had good weather over the North Sea and Arrived at Hull in England the 26th at 2 o'clock in the afternoon and then left by train at 10 o'clock in the evening. The train travelled fast and we came to Liverpool at 6 o'clock April 27th where we quartered in a hotel. And now we had time to see the city: its parks, musuem, its cemetery and D.O.L. (????) Tuesday, May 4th at 4 o'clock in the afternoon we left Liverpool on the ship Alepo and had good weather all the time over the ocean. On the 25th we took on board the harbor pilot and on the 16th we saw land. On the 17th at 11 o'clock in the forenoon we landed in New York. Travelled fast and came to Pittsburgh where we changed cars and lay there several hours. Travelled again on the train and came to Chicago the 21st at 7 o'clock in the forenoon. We lay there until the 24th. Left there and came to Red Wing, Minnesota on the 25th of May 1869. The family lived in Red Wing for about a year. Then Ole purchased an 80 acre farm near the village of Esdaile, in Pierce County, Wisconsin, just across the river from Red Wing. This farm, the S 1/2 of the SE 1/4 of Section 16, is labeled B.O. Brohaugh in the 1877 plat map shown in Fig. 3.2. As part of an 1846 Act of the U.S. Congress approving Wisconsin as a state within the Union, sections numbered "16" in every township were granted to the state for use of schools. This particular section number 16 was sold to a William N. Fairbanks in 1865. He in turn sold the S 1/2 of the SE 1/4 to Ole C. Brohaugh on September 9, 1870 for $800. Thus Ole was only the second private owner of the land, and almost certainly the first one to farm it. Apparently no cash changed hands during this sale, as a mortgage for $800 was also recorded on September 9, 1870 from Ole C. to William Fairbanks. Ole Christophersen and his family became charter members of the Eidsvold Lutheran Church in Esdaile. The Congregational Member Inventory of 1873 showed them among the 95 members as: Ole Chr. Brohaugh
Chr. O. Brohaugh
Bernt O. Brohaugh
Ole O. Brohaugh
Gustave O.Brohaugh
Olava Olsdtr. Brohaugh
Oliana Brohaugh
Martine Brohaugh Ole lived only three years on his new farm: he died on December 16, 1873. Eidsvold Lutheran Cemetery
Hartland Township
Pierce County, Wisconsin Brohaugh Clarence O. 1890-28 Mar 1943 WI Pvt. 3rd Inf.
" Mabel 1894-1974
" Joel 1926-1927
Brohaugh George N. 1897-1953
Brohaugh Nels 1865-1942
" Gitta 1866-1946
Brohaugh Ole C. 1808-1873
" Bernt O. 1843-1904 Since he died intestate, with property, several legal documents had to be created which are still on file in the Pierce County courthouse. For instance, the Estate Inventory and Appraisal shows the extent of his possessions: Real Estate:
40 acres..........$850.00
40 acres..........$300.00 Personal Property
One Cow..........$ 20.00
One Cooking Stove..........$ 8.00
One Bedsted..........$ 2.00
One Featherbed..........$ 6.00
Two Chairs.......... 50¢ There were insufficient funds to pay Ole's debts (which included the mortgage) so the farm was put up for sale. At a public auction, held December 14, 1874, one of Ole's sons, Bernt, was the highest bidder and purchased the property for $1,150.00, that amount to be paid in two years. In a complicated financial arrangement, the mortgage was paid off by the eldest son, Christopher and two new mortgages, payable to Christopher and another son, Ole O., were issued by Bernt.
Naturalization Record of Bernt: Brohaugh, Bernt O; 15 Dec 1885; Pierce County WI The two minor children, Gustave and Martina, were awarded $300.00 each as a part of the settlement at the same time that the court appointed a guardian (Petter Johnson) for them. The two older daughters, Olava and Oliana, apparently received nothing from the estate.

Marthe Christine Olsdatter Brohaugh
Martha Christine was the daughter of Ole and his first wife Berthe. Since she was only 5 years old when her mother died, she was brought up with Ole's second family. Christine married Lars Aasgaard and emigrated to America at about the same time as her father (1869) although she did not travel with him. Marthe's Family,Leaving Norway The Aasgaards settled near Osseo, Wisconsin.
Their son Martinus, married Anna Maria Larsen in Wisconsin who was also from Eidsvold and went to Home Lake Township in Norman County, Minnesota and homesteaded. Martinus died in 1904 when a barn door fell on him. [Photo]
Martinus Larsen AasgaardAt the turn of the century Martinus Larsen Aasgaard was one of the best known and most progressive farmers and stockmen of Home Lake Township in Norman County of Minnesota. He was born in Norway in 1858 and came to the United States in 1869 settled in Arena in Dane County, Wisconsin, where he worked for fifteen years. The name Aasgaard means "farm by the creek" in Norway and is located north of Oslo near Lake Mjosa, the largest lake in Norway.
(Note: The Aasgaard Farm that they came from was in Stange, Hedmark, not in Eidsvold, Akershus)
He was married in Wisconsin and in April of 1885 they moved to Minnesota. All their worldly possessions were represented by fifty dollars in cash. His brother Ole, had come to Norman County before him and was teaching school in Home Lake Township, School District No. 44. He was rooming at the John Homelvig farm to which Martinus and his bride came with a rented team of horses and wagon. He returned the team to Ada, making the trip back on foot: twenty six miles largely covered by swamps and water. In the spring of 1886 Martinus Aasgaard homestead one hundred and sixty acres of land in Section 26, Home Lake Township; and in 1898 he bought forty adjoining acres to increase his holding. He carried out an extensive series of improvements, including new buildings, the erection of fences and the setting out of groves. One well known feature of the farm was a well built round barn.
In those days farmers had no cream separators so they took their milk to a creamery to be separated--sold the cream and took the skim milk back home with them. In 1891 a creamery was established in Home Lake Township. It was located north of what was known as Home Lake--the only lake in Norman County. Martinus Aasgaard and Anton Lerud helped organize this creamery and were stockholders. A few years later this creamery was sold to the Twin Valley Creamery Association and they moved the building to a site north of Twin Valley where it was operated for many years.
Mr. Aasgaard helped organize School District No. 16 in 1886--to serve the children living farther south in the township. A new building was put up for $55--the lumber cost $278.18 and M. Aasgaard painted it for $5. The first teacher was Ole Aasgaard who received $105 for a three month term. The school year was divided into two terms: the first starting about March 10 and running to the first part of June--and the second from November first to the middle of January. Spelling, reading, writing, arithmetic, geography, grammar, and history were taught. Ole clerked in a general store in Twin Valley when he was not teaching and children loved to have him wait on them because he gave such generous helpings of candy for their pennies.
Martinus was the first clerk of the school board of District No. 16 and held that position for several years. He was a life long member of Wild Rice Synod Church and served the congregation as trustee for several years. He died in 1904 at the early age of forty six years.
In 1884 Martinus Aasgaard was united in marriage to Anna Maria Larson, a native of Norway, coming from the Sorlie farm near Eidsvold in Eastern Norway. She was born in 1863. She came to America with her parents at the age of three years. The voyage across the Atlantic Ocean took thirteen weeks.
The first year in Home Lake Township was one of harships; credit was difficult to obtain and money was still more difficult to secure.
Lawrence, the oldest of their nine children, was born at this time (1885). He grew up to the life of a farmer and in 1909 bought a farm of his own in Home Lake Township and married Hannah Albertson. Both are now deceased. They had six children.
Inez, the second child of Martinus and Maria, was born in 1887. She was married to Warner Johnson and they had five children. They also farrmed in Home Lake Township and are now deceased.
Mina was born in 1891 and was married to Ole Nysetvold, a contractor and builder, and they lived in Twin Valley. They are now deceased. To their union eleven children were born.
Oliver was born in 1893 and he stayed at home and helped his mother farm until he died in 1922.
Almer was born in 1895. He was drafted to serve in the first World War and gave his life for his country in France on September 15, 1918 and is buried at Plot D Row 07 Grave 11, Oise-Aisne American Cemetery, Fere-en-Tardenois, France. He was a private in the USA Army, 305th Field Artillery Regiment, 77th Infantry Division.
Julia was born in 1897. She married Sidney Aamoth and they had two children. He died and later she married John M. Bentley and they had two daughters. Julia died and John has died also.
Clarence was born in 1900 and was killed in an accident in 1928.
Two sons died in infancy.
The Aasgaard's were esteemed people in the community and were interested in the welfare of their family and were sympathetic to the needs of their neighbor's. Often, in the abscence of a doctor, an undertaker, or a pastor, Martinus acted in those capacities, doing the best he knew how to show concern for his fellow man.

Anna Olava Olsdatter Brohaugh
When Olava's mother died in Norway, the youngest child in the family was only three years old. Olava therefore gave up plans for marriage to assume the responsibility of caring for the family. She continued to do this after they came to America. Later she lived in Chicago and then moved to Minneapolis. The Minneapolis City Directories list her as being a laundress in the early 1890's. They also list her as being a nurse, but since she had no nurses's training, we have assumed "nurse" was a misunderstanding of a heavily accented pronunciation of "laundress".
Olava moved to the home of her brother, Rev. Christopher, for the last few months of her life, and died in St. Paul in 1905. She is buried in Oakland Cemetery, St. Paul, Minnesota. [Photo]

Christopher Olsen Brohaugh
Christopher Olson Brohaugh was Ole's eldest son. He apparently stayed in Red Wing, Minnesota for a while after the family moved to Pierce County in Wisconsin, for he was the only Brohaugh recorded in either the Minnesota or the Wisconsin 1870 Federal Census.
Christopher was ordained a Lutheran pastor October 9, 1873 in Minneapolis, Minnesota. Since he was 28 years old when he came to the United States, he may have had some theological training in Norway.
He started his pastoral career as a member of the Ellings Synod, a synod organized by Elling Eielsen in 1846. Eielsen was a Norwegian lay preacher who came to America in 1839, became very active in the Fox River Norwegian settlement in Illinois and later was officially ordained by a German pastor.
The Ellings Synod changed its name to the Hauges Synod in 1876, remained independent until the large Lutheran merger f 1917, and then became part of the Norwegian Lutheran Church of America.
Thus for most of his career, Christopher was a Hauges Lutheran. He served pastorates at the following locations:
1873-1876, Red Wing, Minnesota and Esdaile, Wisconsin
1876-1880, Minneapolis
1880-1893, Chicago, Illinois
1893-1906, St. Paul, Minnesota
He was a prolific writer, hymn writer and editor, and is even listed in the St. Paul, Minnesota Directories for 1907 and 1908 as an editor. Some of his editing responsibilities included:
1873-1898, Budbaereren
1885, Bornenes harpe
1887, Vaegteren
1903-1907, Budbaereren
1907-1908, Haugianeren
1907-1908, Bornevennen
The Norwegian paper "Budbaereren" was the official organ of the Hauges Lutheran Synod and "Bornevennen" was an illustrated Sunday school paper established by Rev. Brohaugh in 1877.
He was also the author of several books, including (as co-author) a popular biography of Elling Eielsen, and some music books. Some of his works are:
1883, Eilling Eielsens liv og virke
1887, Vaegterrosten
1887, Missionaer Chr. Borchgrevink
1898, Harpelegeren med guitarskole
1900, Harpelegeren
Christopher married Julia Nelson in 1877, and they raised four children who all graduated from the University of Minnesota.
Their children are:
Mary, the oldest, was a teacher and never married, and died when she was only twenty-eight years old.
Peter Adolph, who worked for the federal government in Washington, D.C. and married Amy Owen, but did not have any children.
Oscar, who obtained a legal degree from the Atlanta Law School and became chief of the commerce department for the Southern Freight Association. He married Mabel Wilkes, but they had no children either.
Gustave, who worked as a civil engineer for the Minnesota Highway Department until his retirement and then established his own engineering consulting firm. He married Eulalie Bern (Lally), and they did have several children.

Bernt Olsen Brohaugh
Bernt Olson Brohaugh bought the family farm in Pierce County in December of 1874. In 1879, he must have been strapped for cash, as he sold half of it (40 acres) to Andrew O. Lund for $400.00. The deed contained the following stipulation:
Andrew Lund is to have right of way across Brohaugh land from ...to said Brohaugh's grainary. Brohaugh reserves the right to cut and take away all timber except for what Lund will need for fencing and building a house. It is agreed that all of said timber except 5 acres is to be taken off before 1882 and the last five acres in 1882.
The deal apparently fell through, as Bernt bought back the 40 acres later the same year.
Later on, in 1893, he bought the adjacent 40 acres in Section 15 and an additional 40 acres in Section 17.
Bernt married Julia Paulson in 1875, and they raised seven children on the farm. It was interesting to find that they preferred not to use (or perhaps to spell) the Brohaugh name for the 1880 Federal Census taker. The census lists them as:
Olson, Bernt age 36 and a farmer
Olson, Julia age 28 and his wife
Olson, Clara M. age 4
Olson, Ole A. age 2
Olson, George P. 1/12
Bernt died on his farm, July 23, 1904.

Oliana Olsdatter Brohaugh
Esdaile church records show that Oliana married Olaus J. Dorr on December 14, 1873, just two days before her father, Ole C., died. They lived on a farm near Esdaile for many years.
Oliana and O.J. raised five children on their farm before they sold it and retired.
Their children were: Karen, who taught in Wisconsin and North Dakota rural schools. She married Gustave Simmons and they operated a drug store in Montana for a while. They had no children. Later she married Bjorlin Orbeck.
Joseph, who operated a hardware store in Norman County, Minnesota for a while and later ranched in Arizona. He never married. Oscar, who stayed on the farm.
Marie was a seamstress who married Frank Ulberth. They too had no children.
Emelia and Oscar remained on the farm, and when their parents retired, moved with them to St. Paul, Minnesota, securing employment in Minneapolis.
Then they bought a house on Keston St. in St. Paul, Minnesota, where several of their nieces and nephews used to visit them while attending the university nearby.

Ole Olsen Brohaugh
Ole Olson Brohaugh apparently stayed at the family farm in Wisconsin for a while after his father's death, for he applied for U.S. citizenship in Pierce County on March 27, 1874 as Ole O. Brohaug. Shortly thereafter, he went to Red Wing, Minnesota to engage in business, and then moved to Minneapolis.
In Minneapolis, he and a partner established a meat market (Brohaugh and Sather, 1519 South 5th St.) which operated from 1876 to 1879. In 1880, the partnership was dissolved and Ole ran the market by himself for a short time.
While living in Minneapolis, he met and married Albertina Hansen, and their first children were born there. In 1881, he moved to Ada, Minnesota in Norman County in western Minnesota, just a few years after the village was started. In Ada, he also operated a meat market and in 1885 bought some lots within the city. Later he moved a short distance to Hendrum, Minnesota where he bought into a mercantile store and also became the village postmaster. Some of his children have said that he was too lenient with credit to the local farmers and did not do well financially as a store owner. Anyway about 1900 (the deed transfer is dated Nov. 1900) he traded the store for the A.H. Gordon farm near Shelly, Minnesota and farmed there for twenty years.
In 1920, the farm was rented, the machinery, animals, supplies, etc., were auctioned off, and Ole and his wife moved back to Ada for their retirement.
As mentioned before, Ole married Albertina Hansen, and their first children were born in Minneapolis. Albertina had come from Norway when she was fourteen years old. She had travelled alone, in care of the ship's captain, to join her mother in Madison, Wisconsin. Later she moved to Minneapolis where she was a milliner and met Ole. Ole and Albertina had ten children, nine of whom lived beyond early childhood. The children were encouraged to obtain advanced education, in spite of the lack of available funds. Education came first, before any of life's amenities.

Gustave Olsen Brohaugh
Gustave was the scholar of the family. He attended a Normal School, as teacher's colleges were called then, at River Falls, Wisconsin to earn a teacher's certificate, and then began his long teaching career. He continued his formal education until he had earned four degrees. A tabulation of his career highlights include:
December 1878, Normal School Certificate, River Falls, Wisconsin
1879-1928, Professor at Red Wing Seminary (except for 1893-1895)
June 1889, BA Literature, University of Minnesota
June 1893, LLB, University of Minnesota
1893-1895, Sup. of Schools, Red Wing, Minnesota
June 1895, Admitted to the Bar, Dakota Territory
June 1895, Admitted to the Bar, State of Minnesota
October 1906, MA, University of Wisconsin, Political Economy and History
June 1909, Ph.D, University of Minnesota, (Thesis: The Minnesota Pine Lands)
The Red Wing Seminary played an important part in Gustave's life. The Seminary opened in September, 1879 with Rev. I. Eistenson as principal and Prof. G.O. Brohaugh as his assistant. The purpose of the school was to furnish a general Christian culture and more particularly to prepare ministers for the Hauge Synod. In addition to the theological department, the Seminary had a "preparatory" department in which Gustave taught. He taught English language and literature, mathematics, political science, history and penmanship! He spoke four languages fluently: Norwegian, English, French and German and spent several of his summer vacations in Europe to perfect his linguistic ability. For many years he was the only Ph.D on the staff, giving academic stature and acceptance to the Seminary.
Gustave had several hobbies, including painting. One of his efforts still survives: a large oil painting of the bridge across the Vorma River at Minne, near Eidsvoll, Norway was painted from an old photograph.
Professor Brohaugh was also noted for his frugality and his astute business sense. He told one of his nieces (Agnes) that he had taken his $300 share from the sale of the family farm in Wisconsin, deposited it in a bank, and never withdrew any part of it. He became president of the 1st National Bank in Red Wing and later president of a bank in Dawson, Minnesota.
For forty-nine years Professor Gustave Brohaugh was involved with and taught at the Red Wing Seminary. He had planned to make it fifty years and then retire. Death intervened; he died June 5, 1928 and was buried in Oakwood Cemetery, overlooking the Seminary. That was his wish. [Photo]

Karen Martina Olsdatter Brohaugh
Karen Martina was only fifteen years old when her father died, so she may have remained on the family farm after Bernt bought it. She lived for awhile in Chicago, Illinois with her brother, Rev. Christopher's family.
There is no record to indicate when or whey she came to live in Minneapolis, Minnesota, but we know she was there in 1885. At that time she became the housekeeper for Dr. and Mrs. George Edwin MacLean and stayed with that family for fifty-three years. She followed them throughout Dr. MacLean's career as:
Profesor English Literature, University of Minnesota, 1883-1895.
Chancellor, University of Nebraska, 1895-1899
President, University of Iowa, 1899-1911
U.S.A. Educational Commission, Washington, D.C.
Martina was a kind, pleasant, genteel person. She was fond of her nieces and nephews and remembered their special days, such as graduation, with appropriate gifts.
After the death of Dr. MacLean in 1938, she returned to Minneapolis where she lived with her niece, Karen Dorr Simmons. She died on August 3, 1940 and was buried in the Red Wing Cemetery beside her brother, Gustave.


Erik Rotvold - A Special Tydaling

Erik Henningsen & Margrethe (Olsdatter Hyttmo) Rotvold
Gatzke, Minnesota

From Jul i Neadalen
Årsskrift for Selbu og Tydal Historielag.2004
Pages 22-24
Odd Svelmoe, author
English Translation by Olaf Kringhaug
Erik Rotvold - A Special Tydaling

Erik Rotvold was born the 25th June 1833 on the Rotvold farm in Stugudal as no. 3 of 7 children. His parents were Henning Larsen from Stuevold Østre and Ellen Gjertine Sakariasdtr. Barmann from Hitra. They bought the farm in 1830 from Sakse Henningsen of Møsjødal (Rote). Formerly the farm had been a seter under Jensgården in Græsli. Erik grew up here - certainly an existence of much struggle and toil for all to sustain the family.

The farming society changed a great deal during the 1800s. There was more and more an end to the idea that absolutely all goods had to be produced on the home farm. New eating habits led to the need to purchase such goods as coffee, tobacco, sugar, salt and flour etc. The payment could be made with cash, but most often the purchase was made through exchange of their own farm products. There were peddlers or 'veskytter' earlier but a more organised trade of goods now began.

City merchants had formerly had exclusive right to all sorts of trade. In 1838, Stortinget asked the muniipalities to give their opinion whether farmers who lived more than 40 km from a town should be allowed to trade goods themselves. The Selbu and Tydal council did not like changes in the existing situation. They came to the decision that it was neither desirable, beneficial or useful that the farmers could trade in 'necessities'. As late as 1861 Lensmann Schive stated, "A number of buyers swarm through the district....to whom people sell their products of their farms, partly for cash and partly with trading for other goods. Some trade in illegal goods, sometimes even spirits is associated with these persons"

Erik early showed great energy and was quick to take on new things. At only 25 he started with commerce at Lunden. That was comparatively early. Fr. Birch in Selbu opened his store in Selbu in 1852 as the first in the valley. Petter Olsen at 'Varhusbakken' was the first Tydaling who operated trade in food. Much of the goods were purchased from Birch in prepaid amounts. In 1860, Peter bought goods for 500 speciedaler (2000 kroner) from him. Erik was a good merchant and in time forced Petter Olsen out. (Perhaps it was him that Schive referred to with regard to sale of spirits).

Erik was very good at calculation but he never learned to write. He certainly did not get a complete education up at Stugudal either. The priest Hansteen said when he passed a confirmant of 18 who had been turned back 3 times, "One cannot expect anything else from you who lives up among the birds"! Trading in credit could have led to problems but Erik solved the accounting with the debtor rather cleverly. A cheese was a circle while a grindstone was a circle with a square hole in it! The system functioned remarkably well. In 1867 he started a 'branch' in Ljungdalen in Sweden. In summer he brought goods like grain and salt etc in pack saddles 60-70 km over the mountain. In winter he used sleds on the same route. He brought back iron wares and other goods the Swedes had produced. There were no roads, only trails.

In June 1861, Erik married his cousin Maren Larsdtr. Brendås, born 1840. Maren had a son before marriage, Ole P. Brendås. He grew up with Erik. Over time they had four children together, Lars, Ellen Gjertine, Henning and Peder. As adults, the three oldest went to America while Peder married into Løvøia. As a married man, Erik had to have a farm, so he bought the Berget Vestre property and lived there after.In 1867 his father-in-law sold half of the neighbouring Brennåsen to
Erik. The other half was sold to Ole A. Bakken (Hyttmo) from Ålen. With all the forest and outfields that accompanied the purchases, Erik had a significant farm by Tydal standards.

Unfortunately Maren died of tuberculosis the 6th July 1874. With 5 minor children to care for and a large farm to operate, it became too hard to be alone for long. As early as April 1876 he maried Margrethe Olsdtr. Hyttmo (born February 1857). It must have been rather tough for a 19 year old girl to marry a man who was 24 years older and at the same time take responsibility for the children. It looks like it went well. From 1876 to 1894, they had 11 children together; 7 boys and 4 girls. Nine of the children grew up but only two remained in Tydal. Their son Lornts died, 23 years old, in a rock fall. Over time six children emigrated to the USA.

In addition to his goods trading, Erik was very busy with the purchase of livestock for sale in the city. His stepson Ole P. Brendås remembers that as a child and youth he had to herd the animals barefoot in the mountains all summer before in the fall they were driven down to the railroad for slaughter. In addition Erik had 'rental' cows on may farms and cotter's places. One of these was the cotter 'Berginn' at Bergrommet. He did not have his own animals but Erik had a cow and two sheep 'boarding' there. His parents had operated Berget in their time but he had to move when Erik bought the farm. Ole Pedersen Aas, as he signed himself, was fond of the strong stuff. Berginn supported himself partly with building and carpentry. For the most part he did farm work for his farmer. This did not provide much income. He played cards and drank with Erik in the evenings. Erik played cards in earnest, so much of the earnings went to that and spirits. It was said that Berginn was able to keep just enough that his family did not starve to death. In 1882 the family were helped with a one-way ticket to America. As usual Ole had had a drink and his parting words were that they were now going to depart "this here manure hole". Afterwards clever tongues said that "the manure has gone, but the hole remains".

Many Tydalngs enjoyed a party with spirits and card playing on the weekends. Erik was among them. He held an open house for the young people so they could dance. It is told that one fall there was a dance in the summer house. Erik lay fully clothed in a doored bed and watched the young people. On a little table in front of him he had a "doktor" that he sipped. Stor-Ingebrigten of Aasen and his brother Henning got fired up about something and settled up outside. Even though Henning was a powerful man, he met his match in Ingebrigt. Ingebrigt went right back in and danced. But Henning was not finished with the matter so he found a reasonably long pole that he threw through the window. The pole went over Erik's head in his bed and past Ingebrigt and through the other window. Erik exclaimed, "What, Lord Jesus, what is it?" Then he drained his cup in one swallow, pulled his toque over his face and pulled the fur cover over himself. He remained lying there but the party continued without him.

Several of his neighbours also enjoyed card playing and a dram. It happened often that they sat up all night and played cards, often "femkort/kule" (a sort of whist). In a set there are two tricks. As the drams were drunk, a little sense was lost. They argued as to who had the most tricks. "I have a trick," said one. "But I have two," said Erik and swallowed the drink. Now and then Erik accompanied a neighbour home to fetch a cow or sheep out of the barn when they did not have enough money to pay up. The next morning was up at the crack of dawn and chopped wood or worked at something - fresh and active, while his neighbours stayed in with hangovers and regretting the night before. It was said the spirits did not affect Erik. The secret is probably that he drank a full glass of cream before the partying began. Margrethe dutifully sat up and looked after the stove, food and coffee. When her husband got tired of the party he got up and said to his life's partner, "If you love me, you'll follow me to our chamber"!

One Christmas, Erik overestimated his strength. They were at a party with Lars Halvorsa at Halvorsgården. Erik certainly drank much or perhaps the quality was a little poor? He became unsteady and did not feel fit to walk home. It was below minus 20º outside. His pals decided to put him on a sled and drag him home. So that he would not fall off, they took a rope and tied him down securely.On the way, the rogues came on the idea that they would go in and say that he had fallen and was dead. Erik also thought this would be humorous. He wished to find out what his wife and children would say when he had 'gone' away. Down in the farmyard the helpers would go in and tell the widow and fatherless children the sad news. Erik lay well fastened to the sled an awaited the reaction. There was the snag that when they got in, they asked if Erik was at home. As they knew, he was not, so they asked if they could come in and have a drink before they went further. This was immediately granted. Erik lay outside and became angrier and angrier and more and more frozen. The rope was well tied and things could have gone badly. Eventually he got free and went in. The intruders received the order to depart immediately. Such poor friends he did not wish to see in his house!

One Christmas with a great snowfall and strong winds, the old man decided to take a trip up to Bønstrøa and Lars Halvorsa. It was in the middle of the night so it was hopeless to walk. They then hired Svend Aasgård, who was just a youth, to drive them. He refused at first but he would get 10 kroner for the task. (This was several day's pay at that time) The assumption was that they would arrive without the sled being upset. If he could not manage that then he would get a real old-fashioned beating! Sven had a big strong horse and good equipment and they set off. he almost made it but unfortunately the sled upset in a big snow bank. The old man kept his promise and gave Svend a beating before they went the last bit on foot....one's word was one's word.

Erik held strong opinions about much. If he did not like a person he did not compromise. This also happened within the family. He quickly got out of step with one of his daughters-in-law. Perhaps he felt she was too domineering? Margrethe felt this was bad. "I feel sh elooks kind," she said the Erik - or "Old-Erik" as he was called when he got up to the "old man" age. "Just wait until she beomes known," was the answer. At the wedding he wished everyone welcome to the table. The in-laws were not mentioned at all!

Three of the oldest children emigrated to the USA about 1890. Two of them settled as farmers at Gatzke in Minnesota and after a time did rather well. "Old-Erik" crossed the 'pond' early in the 1900s and liked what he saw there. In the spring of 1911 he sold the farm and took Margrethe and the 4 youngest children on the long trip to Minnesota. Up on Karlshaugen by the highway, they stopped for a rest and looked over Bergegrenda for the last time. "Such beautiful green hills you will never again see, Margret," said Erik, before they went further down the valley. He is believed to be the oldest emigrant to leave Tydal. Erik was then 78 years old.

In the USA they lived for the most part on the farm of his eldest son, Lars. Erik was in good health for a long time and helped with the farm work well into his 80s. He continued with a little card playing and a dram on the weekends. A temperance society was established among the Tydalings and other Norwegians in Gatzke about 1915. Erik did not like this. People who invented such modern foolishness he wished to have nothing to do with, he told one of the "apostates".

In 1923 Erik celebrated his 90th birthday at Gatzke surrounded by family. Over time there were many descendants in Norwegian America - 9 children and 48 grandchildren. Now it goes further to great-grandchildren and great-great-grandchildren so that today there are many hundreds of descendants of Erik. Many of them have done well over there. In addition there are 3 children and 12 grandchildren with descendants at home in Norway. One can confidently say that Erik was a remarkable and strong personality who left a deep mark after him.

Erik died in June 1924, just over 91 years old. His dear Margrethe died in 1930. Both are buried in Landmark Cemetery in Gatzke. The life that started in poverty up in the mountain forest at the foot of Skarsfjellene, ended in Minnesota's fertile and flat land, deep in the USA.

Note: Erik came from the same area as John & Guri Nysetvold in Norway. He was related to both of them. The picture is from John Nysetvold's glass negative plates that I have and scanned.

Sources: Tydalsboka
Bygdebok for Tydal
"The Tronsaune-Rotvold History"
Conversations with older Tydalinger about Erik.

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Tydal Relatives from Northern Minnesota come to visit


Farm History Regarding the Stuedal Name

Tydal family Stuedal
With connections by marriage.
Johannes Stuedahl
Trondheim 1947
Translated by Olaf Kringhaug®


The present Stuedal (dialect, Stugudal) is no older than about 200 years. The dialect form Stugudal has in written references of the name has partly received entry in the past 50 years. This form has arisen because of misunderstanding and lack of knowledge of the actual name pattern.

In old maps and county records one can find the with great certainty the original name form and its basis. This shows that Rygh has been on the correct track, when he had suggested that the name does not derive from "stue", but a disappeared river name. As a rule we find that the river names, which are primary in name building, give names to the valley and other place names. The river between Mosjøen and Stuesjøen had ben called Stufra, i.e. the short stream (å) The F-sound usually gets softer in speech. Several rivers have the v-form established in support of a fixed written form. There are many rivers called Stuva, whose original form had been Stufra. All are short rivers. The name has the same root as the 'stuv' we still use for the end of a piece of fabric. The lake gets its name from the river here as is otherwise usual, when the named settlement goes 'against the stream', up the valley, which was usual.

No reasonable person can claim that Stuesjøen lay without a name until a road went by and brought about the building of a shelter (stugu), while neighbouring smaller lakes had names of obviously much older origin. One cannot try to suggest that 'stue' or 'stugu' was separate from any connection to our most ancient forefathers as a terra incognita right down to less than 1000 years ago, while other surrounding sites tell of several
thousand years age.

One can follow the evolution of the name in archival material, maps and cadasters, Stufr to Stuevoll. And the name arises in that a road shelter with stable was built by a creek at Stuevoll østre for pilgrims, who travelled through Skarsfjellene (Skars mountains) The door foundation can still be seen. It is possible to find an explanation of the hut's building in the Swedish archives. There we find that the information that the archbishop of Uppsala ordered the building of shelters for the pilgrims along the most used pilgrim trails outside of the populated areas. Jemtland belonged under the Uppsala archbishopric, while civil authority was under Norway. Therefore Biskopstuen (the bishop's hut) at Biskopåen (the bishop's stream) was so built by order of the bishop of Uppsala, even though it lay in Norway. It was built only with regard to the pilgrims from and through
Jemtland, for them there was a great need for shelter after the difficult trip over the 'great mountains'.

Before the Black Death there were clearly occupants at both the south and north end of Stuesjøen, but the dwelings on the south end were out of the way and besides, there was probably no excess of room at any of these places.

In the archives, old maps and cadasters etc we can note that 'stuv' to 'stu' again clearly shows that the two name types have been pronounced differently (Stuguvoll) by the residents. About the end of the 1600s and the start of the 1700s the Stuvdal name begins to weaken, becomes partly 'Stuv' and partly 'Stue'. The uncertainty is first seen in the cadasters. In old maps the 'Stuv' form is retained the longest. I mention some examples:

1. Geometrisk declination of Trondhiems Len from 1676: Stuvdahlen og Stuvsjø.

2. Grensekart Tydalen and Ålen - some years later - righy name: Stufdalen, Stufsjø.

3. Map of 1718: Stuvdalen, Stuvsøe.

4. Accurate land map of Norway's 2nd Part, Trondhjemske Stift - Jemtland and Herjedalen 1724: Stuwedalen, Stuwesiø.

5. Map 1726: Stufvedalen, Stufvesøe.

6. Map prepared after Armfelt's march, over parts of Trøndelag that his army or detachments visited: Stuvdahl, Stuvsjø.

7. Border map from Fæmund to Snåsen including greatest part of Jemtland and Herjedalen, first half of the 1700s: Stuvdalen, Stuvsøe.

8. Map of the borders between Norway and Sweden by military priest Spidberg: Studalen, Stusøe.

9. Map 1748, regimental map: Studalen, Stusjø.

10. Map from 1750: Studalen, Stusjø.

It is shown by the details in several of these maps that the cartographer must have been on the site and had locally knowledgable people with him. Gyldenløve's map for example has such details as Tjønndalstjønn by name and Kinnbekken, now Kvernbekken. The people at the place have pronounced the names of the valley and the lake with 'Stuv' sometimes with a barely audible 'v' so that it was understood as 'Stu'. This, according to the well known sound rules, is quite natural. But the name of Stuevoll was at the time pronounced 'Stugu' which has been transcribed as 'Stue'. Evidence that the name of the lake and river and for Stuevoll had been pronounced differently by the people of Tydal one also has in the cadasters of 1670 to 1677. Here Tomas Greslien pays land rents for 6 marklag of Studal and Peder Aas pays pasture rent for Stusjøvoll, while Bjørn Aas pays for pasture at Stuevoll.

When Johan Johansen's wife was a sponsor at the end of 1699 in Tydal's church, she was recorded as Ingebor Studal. This shows also that the name had not been pronounced Stugu.

It appears from the maps that Stuvdal began at Mosjøen, where the river Stuva from Stuvsjø runs out. The Stuvdal name is written along this river, while a farm where the Stuedal farms now, was also called Stuvdal. That this farm has received the valley's name, shows that it is the oldest, and at one time was the only farm above Mosjøen. Nor is there any logical or natural reason that the Stuedal farm, in and for itself, should have gotten a valley name. At the farm and in its nearest surroundings there is no other valley but the main valley.

In the cadasters I have first found the farm in the beginning of the 1670s. But it is evident that then it was an ancient farm. It is possible that it was at that time a so-called 'åsetegård', that after the Black Death lay unused and therefore had been confiscated by the Crown. This is the first time it is met in the registers and set at 6 marklag and Tomas Gresli has the lease and pays the land rents. That this was another situation than seter use is shown by the fact that at the same time Bjørn Aas pays pasture rent at Stuevoll and Peder Aas at Stuesjøvoll. To what extent Tomas Gressli had used the farm only as a seter or whether he worked it in the winter is not possible to say. He could either have used it himself in the winter or rented it out with seter rights for himself. One often sees from that time that those who have the lease and pay the land rent for a farm, turn the farm over to a 'tenant'. About 1680 Studal became 'His. Majesty's farm assigned to the military', at the same time as fortifications were built on the farm. Quarters were also built for the soldiers, and that stood as a hay barn at Stuedal øvre until 1920-30s. The military assigned the fortification to the Mountain Company at Røros, from where Johan Johansen in 1680 or 1681 was sent to Studal as a local expert. He got the lease to the farm free, nor did he pay any land rent. It is listed in the registry as at 6 marklag, but as not paid. In the military accounts I have seen from Johan Johansen's tme I have seen that he was paid small mounts of cash. This situation with local experts is known from other border districts. I have seen examples from Østfold in which the local expert got free use of somewhat large farms and besides, be paid fairly large amounts of cash. These experts had under them so-called 'scouts'. Johan Johansen also had one, namely Morten Pedersen, born in Jemtland. He continued also after Johan Johansen was replaced by Ole Knudsen. In the census of 1701 there is recorded as living at Stuedal, Morten Pedersen, falconer. The right to hunt falcons was until 1790 under the King, who for a fee to the treasury contracted it out. Morten Pedersen had fairly certainly received as reward foir his services, the right to hunt falcons. Without the legal right to such hunt he would not have reported to the authorities that he was a falcon hunter. As a scout (spy) he could not describe himself as such since that, naturally, was to be a secret. Morten Pedersen, who was from Jemtland was especially well qualified as a scout in this area.

Johan Johansen was at Stuedal until 1700 or the beginning of 1701, when he was replaced by Ole Knudsen (cf. the census of September 1701). Acording to the church book for Tydal Johan Johansen's wife Ingebor Studal was on Sunday after Christmas 1699 a godmother to Ole Fossum's child Beret. Johan Johansen moved back to Røros, where he is found in the census of 1701. In the mine accounts of 1705 Johan Johansen is listed, with the nickname Stuedal as a mine worker with a wife, a daughter and a hired hand. In various public documents from the end of the 1600s concerning Røros there appears an Ole Knudsen, but in the census for Røros in 1701 he is not to be found. Therefore one can conclude with certainty that he is the same Ole Knudsen who in 1701 lived at Stuedal. Ole Knudsen who had moved from Røros to Stuedal, was a son of a Knud Olsen who in the census of 1701 was 74 years old, a worker at the smelter. According to the census Knud Olsen had 3 sons, who also worked at the smelter, Peder 40 years, Johannes 39 and Lars 37 years. Ole Knudsen was 35 in 1701. Knud Olsen's eldest son was probably named Ole, but he must have been dead, since the youngest son was born and got the name Ole. Knud Olsen was from Meldal and was sent as an expert smelterman together with other workers from the Meldal mines to Røros in the 1670-80s, when in Røros there was introduced the same smelting methods that the Meldal mines had practised with success for several years. Ole Knudsen was married to Ingrid Olsdatter when he came to Stuedal. The legend that Ingrid was the widow of a former operator of Stuedal with the name Matis, has quite certainly arisen through a faulty
guess based on the fact that in the census of 1701 there is listed as a stepson of Ole Knudsen with the name Jon Matisen, 6 years. The legend is clearly incorrect. Ole Knudsens wife, Ingrid, could have had the son Jon out of wedlock, but it is more likely that she had been married to a Matis Olsen, farmer and worker at Røros Works. This Matis must, according to public documents, have died in 1695-96, he is not found in any documents after that time. Ole Knudsen has through acquaintance connected to Matis Olsen's family. On the 2nd Sunday after Easter 1694 he was a godfather to Matis Olsen's child, Hans. He was probably born either at the end of 1693 or ealy in 1694. There is no reason why Matis Olsen's wife, Ingrid, could not have had a son again at the end of 1695. Jon is listed as 6 in September 1701.

About Ole Knudsen's life in Røros we have as well the following information: Christmas Eve 1693 at Røros there was baptized a child born out of wedlock, and Ole Knudsen was the father. On 11 August 1694 "Ole Knudsen's sweetheart' was introduced after childbirth (church attendance) On the second Sunday in Lent 1697 Ole Knudsen made public confession (to immoral living). Such confession a child's father could avoid if he declared that he would marry the child's mother.Ole Knudsen must have done this, since the confession was delayed so long, cf. also before; "Ole Knudsen's sweetheart". In 1697, when Ole Knudsen had to make confession, he must have broken with his "sweetheart" and probably begun a new realtionship with Ingrid, who had now become a widow.

There is more information that suggest that Ingrid had been a son's daughter of Hans Olsen Aasen. He had a son that was called Ole.

Colonel Schnitler who travelled through Røros and Tydal in 1743 to gather evidence with reference to the border with Sweden, has written in a private notebook, that is kept in Riksarkivet, that at Stuedal he met a descendant of Hans Olsen Aasen - "he who discovered the ore in Storvola and whose picture hangs in Røros Church" This descendant cannot be anyone other than Ingrid, who then was in her 70-80s. The 25th Sunday in Trinity 1697 Ingrid Olsdatter is a godmother in Røros church together with Henrik Aasen among others. It was usual that godparents were chosen from men and women of the same family.

Peder Ellefsen came to Stuedal soon after 1701. According to the aforementioned Colonel Schnitler's witness records, he was born in Hølanda. Probably he had come to Røros together with other smelter workers from the Meldal mines and sent by the mining company to strengthen the expertise there. Peder Ellefsen soon became the head man at Stuedal, both for military and other reasons. In the military land records he is usually shown alone as the leaser of Stuedal, and in the ordinary land books, where both Peder and Ole are listed, Peder is always mentioned first. In the 'legdsrullen' it is Peder who is listed - not Ole - similarly as 'legdsmann' (chairman of the 'legd'), and Peder - never Ole - is sgown as an assessor at probates, etc. When the farm was divided between Peder and Ole about 1710 with 3 marklag each, Peder's part kept the old no. 837, while Ole's part got the new no.838. (When about 1740 a new registry was worked out, Ole Knudsen's former, now Ingebrigt Halvorsen's farm reached first place with no. 849, while the other farm, that about 1720 was divided between Peder and his son-in-law Lars, got no. 850 and 851. This placement in the registry has since been maintained) It appears also that Peder remained on the old farm. Through his farm site, Stuedal nedre, there runs a creek, and the residences were built where there was easy access to water. Further up the slope, a branch was dug from this creek that went right past Ole Knudsen's new residence - to provide it easy access to water. This side branch is now closed, but it shows clearly that there had not been a natural water course here.

The western cottage and the old barn at Stuedal nedre bear clear sign of great age, very rough pine timbers--and they had probably been built before Johan Johansen came to the farm. As to Stuedal nedre, Peder Ellefsen's farm, one should further note: Peder's son-in-law, Lars Oppdaling, received about 1720 the lease with the obligations to "provide care" to his father-in-law. But when Peder Ellefsen, who was a widower, married again, the farm was divided, such that Peder and Lars in a lease contract 13 November 1725 each leased 1∏ decares. Lars built his own cottage flush with the old (present east cottage). That these two cottages had as intent to house two separate families is shown by the two doors, side by side, the broad steps, hall, the finishing and the room division. The building method of the eastern cottage also shows that it was built by an especially skilled man, and that Lars Oppdaling had been, cf. the stabbbur that he is supposed to have built. Lars Oppdaling had certainly also come from Røros to Stuedal. At the Works it was the custom to add the community name to the worker's baptismal name. There had certainly been several 'Oppdalinger' at Røros Works. The family name Opdal at Røros stems quite certainly from such. The community name that was attached to the baptismal name, often became a family name. At Røros, besides Opdal we have family names Qvikne, Selbo, Guldal etc. I have also seen the designation "Tydaling" added to the baptismal name of a worker at Røros Works. But this addition, as far as I know, did not result in a family name. After Peder Ellefsen's death, Lars leased the half that Peter had had a leased. The two halves were thus united again under one operator, but were still listed in the records with two numbers, each of 1∏ marklag. Erik Olsen, who between 1740 and 1754 took over the farm after Lars, was married to Lars' daughter Ragnhild. In 1757 there is baptized a Lars, parents Erik Stuedal and Ragnhild Larsdatter.

In 1725 Ingebrigt Halvorsen came to Stuedal øvre, when he leased the 2 marklag that the widow of his father's brother Erik Olsen, Lidsken, had been the operator of after Ole Knudsen's death about 1720, before 1723. Ingrid, Ole Knudsen's widow kept the lease of 1 marklag.---lease contract of 12 November 1725. A rumour had circulated in the community that Ingebrigt came as an assistant to Ole Knudsen and Ingrid. This quite obviously incorrect, and the legend probably arose on the basis of the interpretation built on experience, that when a stranger comes to a farm or occupies a farm, where there are no sons, it happened often as care givers for the elderly. But no rule without an exception. When Ingebrigt leased the 2 marklag, that his uncle's widow had operated for some years, it is more likely that he came to the farm through her. That Ingebrigt kept for her 1 marklag does not suggest either that there was any 'care giving' situation. Such conditions usually had an arrangement in the lease contract with regard to care giving obligation. Cf. a laease contract from about the same time referring to Stuedal nedre.

During the registration commission's meeting in Selbu in 1723 Peder Ellefsen attended as an appraiser together with three other Tydalings. Here he stated that he was the leaser of all 6 marklag in Stuedal, that is of both farms. This suggests that after Ole Knudsen's death he had plans of gaining possession of the farm that Ole Knudsen had the lease for, in order to get a farm for his son-in-law. When this plan failed, because Ole Eriksen's widow had obtained the right to 2 marklag in the farm, Peder, who had married again, had to go to division of Stuedal nedre. The livestock that Peder reports, in comparison with other contemporary livestock reports, cannot include other than his own livestock. After Ole Knudsen's death his widow did not do any actual farming nor have any livestock to speak of. Lidsken probably got fodder only from the 2 marklag, and brought the hay home to the farm at Aas. Ingebrigt Halvorsen soon became the main man at Stuedal, more or less replacing Peder Ellefsen, and functioned in all public tasks, whhere someone from the two farms should be represented. Ingebrigt was also entrusted official duties in other respects.

Between 1740 and 1750 Ingebrigt Halvorsen leased Mjøsødal after Henning Andersen, and before 1778 Ingebrigt and Henning Saksesen (the latter was then the operator of Stuedal nedre) bought Mjøsødalen. In the registry of 1778 for Mjøsødal is shown: "Stuedal's occupant owns one marklag." Ingebrigt, who must then be 81 år, is still listed as the operator of Stuedal øvre. But before 1790 he is replaced by Ole Ingebrigtsen. The farm has since been in the hands of Ingebrigt's descendants, first by dint of lease and since 1921 as an owned property. In 1727 Christian Angell, Trondheim, bought the Stuedal farms and cotter's places. In 1810, Ingebrigt Halvorsen's son's son Hans Olsen settled at Flaten as a cotter under Stuedal øvre, his family farm.


1-Tarald (Olsen?) must have been born about 1550. Lived in Aas on a farm, which in the 1600s was called Taraldsgården. In following this farm in the land registers until the 1800s one sees that it is the present Ustgård.

2-Ole Taraldsen must have been born about 1570-80 and died about 1640. From the tax censuses and land registers one sees that Ole continued at Taraldsgården until 1643 he was replaced by his son Erik.

3-Erik Olsen, probably born about 1620, died about 1690. Erik comes in 1643 as the operator of Taraldsgården, the present Ustgård. Erik's sons:

a-Ole Eriksen, born 1650, died probably in 1720. His wife was called Lidsken, and in 1723 is a widow and operator of Taraldsgården, and at the same time with 2 marklag in Stuedal øvre. Ole and Lidsken had a son, Johannes, born 1691, died about 1770. Johannes had a son, Ole, who died 23 June 1764, 36 years old. Johannes had the farm from 1740. In 1778 his widow is listed as the operator of the farm, and in 1790 Bernt Saksesen is listed
as operator. He could be a son-in-law of Johannes.

4. b-Halvor Eriksen, born in 1660, died between 1711 and 1723, probably in 1720, when in Tydal many men in their best age died, clearly because of some epidemic-like disease. Halvor was married to a daughter of Grim Østensen Aas. Østen Siffursen Aas and his ancestors in two generations had the farm in Aas that is now called Halvorsgården. Halvor Eriksen came as the operator of Østen's farm about 1700 after a Jon had had the farm for a few years. It was probably because Halvor was married to Østen's son's daughter, that he
came to Østen's farm, that since was called Halvorsgården, and was in Halvor's descendant's hands until the 1900s. Halvor Eriksens sons:
a-Erik, born 1690, was unmarried, and seems to have been the operator of his father's farm in 1723 and 1740, but then turned the farm over to his brother Ole.
b-Grim, born 1692, died in a young age.
c-Ole, born in 1694.

5, d-Ingebrigt Halvorsen, born 1697, died between 1780 and 1790, married to Guri Olsdatter, who died in the summer of 1767. Ingebrigt came to Stuedal øvre in 1725 as leaser of 2 marklag. Cf. this farm's history. It is apparent in several archive sources that Ingebrigt was both an active and respected man. (employed in several public tasks).

A local legend relates that Ingebrigt came to Stuedal as Ole Knudsen's and Ingrid's helper and son-in-law. The legal helper status one can clearly ignore considering information from the archives. Ole Knudsen died in 1720, and Ingebrigt did not come to Stuedal before 1725 and then as the leaser of 2 marklag, that the widow of his father's brother Ole Eriksen, Lidsken, had had the rights to since Ole Knudsen's death. Ole's widow Ingrid kept 1 marklag. It is absolutely trus that Ingebrigt's was called Guri. Guri Stuedal is often a godparent, several time together with her son Ole Ingebrigtsen. There is no information that Ole Knudsen and Ingrid had a daughter Guri.

Ingebrigt and Guri had a son Ole and a daughter Ingrid. From this it is also concluded that Guri had to be a daughter of Ole Knudsen and Ingrid. But Guri's father could have been an Ole, even if it was not Ole Knudsen. "The naming from forbears can be a good support together with other information in genealogical research, but alone it can also lead one astray." I will not exclude the possibility that Ingebrigt's wife was a daughter of Ole Knudsen and Ingrid. I only wish to assert that there is no historically valid proof
of it, and that there are no historic dates and that make the assumption doubtful.

There are circumstances that can lead to the thought that Ingebrigt's wife was a daughter of his father's brother Ole Eriksen and wife Lidsken. It was not legal for cousins to marry without royal permission.

Ingebrigt Halvorsen and Guri's children:

a. Halvor, born about 1727, died before 1733, when Halvor nr.2 was born.

b. Ole, born 1730, married the 12th July 1760 to Marit Pedersdatter Gresli (Per-Hansgarden). Ole Ingebrigtsen continued as operator of Stuedal øvre. He was clearly a modest and hard-working man, who lived under pressure and fear of the brutal evil-doer and bigwig Henning Saksesen on the neighbouring farm.

c.Halvor, bofn 1733, died 1797. He was married 6th July 1759 to Siri Einarsdatter Løvøen, and at the same time his sister Maren married Lars Einarsen Løvøen. Halvor Ingebrigtsen lived for a time at Løvøen, a time at Kirkvold, and died in Aas. Halvor and Siri had a son Ingebrigt, died in 1796, 27 years old.

d.Maren, born 1737, married to Lars Einarsen Løvøen the 6th July 1759.

e.Ingrid, born in 1752, died in 1828. She married Jørgen Andersen Skott, went to Skottgården in Brekken.

Ole Ingebrightsen and Marit's children:

a.Guri, born in 1764, married Peder Torkildsen from Floren in Selbu. They lived for a time at Stuedal.

b.Berit, born in 1766, died in 1859, married Ole Gudmundsen Hilmo, born 1757, died in 1805. Berit was the well known tapestry weaver. I have received one from my mother's brother Johannes Graae. It was woven by Berit. She wove in serial numbers on the cloths, and numbers over a 100 are found. One of these is preserved in the Folkemuseet.

c.Ingebrigt, born in 1768, died in 1861. He was first married to Anne Olsdatter Saxe from Brekken in 1795. Anne died the same year, and Ingebrigt married the second time in 1798 to Berit Gudmundsdatter Hilmo, born in 1773, died in 1846. Ingebrigt and Berit settled at på Tømmerås in Meraker. See Tømmerås-slekten and Himoslekten.

d.Maren, born in 1768, married Lars Eriksen Stuedal nedre.

e.Anne, born in 1769, died in 1795, unmarried.

f.Gidsken, born in 1770, died in 1875, married in 1800 to Peder Jonsen Brenden, Holtålen.

g.Peder, born in 1774, died in 1822, married Anne Halvorsdatter from Metlingen, Herjedalen in Sweden.

h.Hans, born in 1775, married Sessil from Kløften. He settled as a cotter at Flaten under the family farm.

Peder Olsen Stuedal and Anne Halvorsdatter, children:
a. Marit, born in 1797, married widower Peder Hansen from Ljungdalen in Sweden.
b. Ingeborg, born in 1801, died in 1877, married to Henning Einarsen Løvøen, born in 1799, died in 1887. They settled at Ustgården in Aas. Henning's father's mother Maren had come from Stuedal, and was a sister to Ingeborg's father's father. See Løvø-family.
c. Ole, born 7 February 1806, died 11 April 1885, married 7 February 1831 to Berit Larsdatter Nesvold. They remained living at Stuedal. Ole was 17 when his father died and he had to take over the farm and look after his siblings
and mother. Right after the buildings on the farm burned down, so the young man had a heavy job in the future. Ole was a hard working man, a toiler with a fixed character, sometimes a bit stubborn. For his times he was quite well informed. He was besides a bit of a technical genius which is shown in his work with household utensils. But his work was rough, and he spent little time with it. He was delegated by the priest at every festival day to read the 'text', the sermon for the people of the hamlet, which lay 30 km from the church. The audience came to Ole's home. He read the sermons from Linderoth's Swedish book of sermons. He also read much in the Bible. Berit was gifted,educated and musical. She wrote casual songs, that she sang while she tended to her many children. She was especially happy when Anders Reitan came with his cheerful songs and his violin. About Berit's family see Nesvold-family.
d. Anne, born 25. October 1812, died 23. February 1899, married to Lars Pehrson, Ljungdalen. He was a son of the aforementioned Peder Hansen (See Ljungdals-family.)
e. Halvor, born in 1815, died in 1897, married to Maren Ingebrigtsdatter Stuevoll, born in 1823, died in 1913. They lived in Løvdalen, Jemtland.

Ole Pedersen Stuedal and Berit Larsdatter's children:
a. Ingeborg, born 24 October 1830, died 10. November 1913, married to Peder Hansen Gresli, født i 1833, død i 1914 (Per-Hansgården).
b. Anne, born 21 September 1832, died 4. June 1915, married to craftsman Iver Halvorsen, born 11 February 1843 in Kvikne. They lived in Trondheim.
c. Ragnhild, born 12. september 1834, died 5 June 1931, married to Lars Olsen Aune, Storaune, born 15 January 1831, died in 1897.
d. Peder, born 9 September 1836 died 1 April 1909, married to Kari Graae, born 4 May 1835, died 17 February 1920. Peder took over the family farm and moved the buildings from the south end of Storbakken's east arm to the north end in 1866. He was a good-natured and indulgent man, trusting with strangers, but seldom tricked, and a valuable treasure. He could "do what was needed", could both cut out men's trousers and make shoes, he assisted with difficult births when the midwife was perplexed. He continued his father's function as "prayer leader", read sermons on feast days for the local people, who came to his home. His father's cousin, Ole Flaten, led the singing. I remember well that father cut sheep meat in pieces for soup for Christmas Day. All who came to the text reading were to be served, and so their Christmas party was accomplished. Later into the Christmas season the farm's people went to parties on other farms. About Kari's family see Graae-family.
e. Maren, born 17 March 1839. She died young.
f. Regina, born 29 January 1840, died in 1890, married to Hans Peter Andersen Qvalø. They settled in Nordland. Regina is buried at Brønnøy church.
g. Lars, born 3 April 1843, diede as a little child.
h. Ingrid, born 1 September 1845, died 18 November 1897, married to Ingebrigt Aunetrø, born 16 May 1842, died in 1931.
i. Lea, born 17 November 1847, died in 1935, married to Peder Haldorsen Eidem (Baknes), Selbu.
j. Lars, born 9 April 1849, died 3 February 1911, married to his cousin Greta Larsdatter from Ljungdalen. They had no children.
k. Erik, born 2 September 1854, died 10 December 1865.

Ingeborg Olsdatter Stuedal and Peder Hansen Greslis children:
a. Hans, born 25 March 1862, died 18 February 1935, married to Ingeborg Marie Gresli, born 6 December 1868, died 11 December 1942.
b. Kari, born 17 July 1864, died 3 September 1942, married to Peder J. Østby, born 13 August 1862.
c. Beret, born 16 March 1870, died 4 February, 1943, married to John Gresli, died 1940. They lived in Trondheim.
d. Ole, born 25 May 1873, died 22 October 1940, married to Ingeborg Kjersum, and lived in Trondheim.

Anne Olsdatter Stuedal and Iver Nalvorsen's children:
a. Inga Anna, born 19. July 1866, died 15. March 1938, mrried to Johannes Pedersen Stuedahl.
b. Halvor Emil, born 3. February 1868, died 1. February 1869.
c. Halvor Emil, born 30. November 1869, died 28. June 1927, married in America, a son: Arnold Eugene, born 4 June 1895.
d. Olga Bergithe, born 5. August 1872, lives in Oslo.
e. Alfred Emil, born 30. March 1875' died 3. March 1903, married to Gjertine Hoem from Trondheim.
f. Peder Abildgaard Birch, born 20. November 1878, died 23. February 1882.

Ragnhild Olsdatter Stuedal and Lars Olsen Aune's children:
a. Ole, born 27. September 1855, died 21. December 1857.
b. Ole, born 19. January 1858, died 14. May 1859.
c. Peder, born 17. March 1860, died i America.
d. Ole, born 10. November 1862, died 4. May 1914 married to Magli Johnsdatter Østby, born 1867, died 31. December 1938.
e. Olaus, born 22. August 1865, married to Johanna Midtaune, Haltdalen, born 27. November 1871, died l9. mars 1941. Olaus was chairman of the community council in Tydal from 1907 to 1919.
f. Lars, born 17. August 1867, died 3. July 1869.
g. Lars, born 13. February 1870, died 15. July 1871.
h. Berthe7 born 4. August 1872, died 27. August 1872.
i. Bersvend, born 30. October 1873, died 1. January 1875.
j. Berte, born 16. November 1875, died in America in 1943, maried to Ole Johnsen Østby.
k. Bersvend, born 18. August 1877, died 5. June 1879.
l. Berit, born 17. November 1879, died the same day.
m. Ragna, born 17. December 1882 died 16. April 1884.
n. Erik, born 19. August 1885, went to America.

Peder Olsen Stuedahl and Kari Nilsdatter Graae's children:
a. Ole, born 8. December 1859, died 22. December 1945, married in 1889 to Rebekka Larsdatter Løvøen, born 27. August 1869, died 17. June 1939. Ole was a member of the Tydal community council for 21 years, 12 years as vice-chairman, owner and operator of Stuedal øvre.
b. Berit, born 18. September 1861 died 7. July 1921, married in 1888 to David Unsgaard from Stuedal nedre, born 1. April 1862. Berit was midwife in Tydal and lived in Aas.
c. Nils, born 9. February 1864, died 22. August 1918. He was blind.
d. Johannes, born 2. April 1867, died 29. December 1945, married in 1896 to his cousin Inga Anna Halvorsen, born 19. July 1866, died 15. March 1938. He was a senior clerk in Oslo civil court and author of this family history.
e. Erik, born 24. August 1870, died 7. June 1946 in Tydal, married in 1912 to Anna Thorsen from Bergen, born in 1887. He lived for many years in Arendal as construction with Høyer Ellefsens Entreprenørforretning in Sørlandet.
f. Martin, born 26. April 1874, married in 1924 to Marit Østby, born 6. June 1889. For about 20 years he was supervisor with Trondheims Elektrisitetsverk's plant at Selbusjøen.
g. Maren, born 30. May 1877, married in 1900 to Lars Larsen Løvøen, born 13. August 1866, oåerator and owner of Løvøen main farm.

Regina Olsdatter Stuedal and Hans Petter Andersen Qvalø's children:
a. Edvard, born 14. March 1871.
b. Ole, born 10. May 1876.
c. Rikard, born 3. July 1879.

Ingrid Olsdatter Stuedal and Ingebrigt Aunetrø's children:
a. Ole, born 29. December 1875, died 31. July 1883.
b. Olaus, born 22. December 1878, died 22. April 1885.
c. Iver, born 21. September 1882, died 8. October 1882.
d. Anne-Lisbet, born 24. May 1885, died 24. May 1885.
e. Ole, born 19. July 1889, died 7. July 1921.

Lea Olsdatter Stuedal and Peder Naldorsen Eidem's children:
a. Haldor, born 18. January 1871 died in 1943, married to Eli Bakken from Ringsaker. He was for years manager for Østbanenes Forbruksforening, Oslo.
b. Ole, born 14. September 1873 died in America 11. October 1946, married to Karen Fuglem.
c. Karen, born 5. November 1876, married to Ingebrigt Gjeving, Lånke.
d. Bernhard, fborn 6. December 1879, died in 1942. He was a tailor and lived in Oslo.
e. Ingebrigt, born 31. August 1882, married to Johanne Næsøren, lives at her home place Baknesset. Ingebrigt has been to America twice.
f. Maren Elisabeth, born 4. March 1885, married to Jakob Gifstad, Snåsa. She is now a widow.
g. Lea Petrine, born 4. August 1887, married in America to Peder Andersen from Denmark. She is now a widow.
h. Peder Martin, born 19. February 1890, married to Anna Kristine Jørstad, teacher in Hegra.
i. Olga Regine, born 26. April 1893, died in 1916.

Halvor Pedersen Stuedal (Løvdal) and Maren Ingebrigtsdatter's children:
a. Emrick, born in 1846, died in 1925.
b. Anna, born in 1848, died in 1918.
c. Per, born in 1855, died in 1936.
d. Lars, born in 1860, died in 1937.

Hans Olsen Stuedal (Flaten) and Sidsil Jensdatter Kløften's children:
a. Marit, born in 1808, died in 1890, married to Ole Hansen Svelmo, born in 1809, died in 1884.
b. Guri, born in 1813, died in 1814.
c. Guri, born in 1816, married in 1840 to Peder Pedersen Kirkvold, born in 1792. They moved to Namdalen.
d. Ole, born in 1821, died in 1821.
f. Ole, born in 1822, died in 1904, married to Anne Andersdatter Fastebakken, born in 1827, died in 1909.
g. Anne, born in 1831, died in 1916, married to Jon Johannesen Aas, Stentrø.

Ole Hanssen Flaten and Ane Andersdatter's children:
a. Hans, born i n1851 died working on the railroad at Hamar
b. Anne-Sofie, born in 1854 died in 1921, married to Iver Jonsen Løkken, Aursunden. They went to America.
c. Serri, born in 1857, died in 1927, married to Henning Jonsen Rotvold, born in 1860 died in 1940.
d. Beret, born in 1860, died in 1864.
e. Peder, born in 1864, married in 1895 to Johanna Larsdatter, born in Aalen i 1864, died in 1924. Peder had built new buildings and and cultivated much land.

Beret Olsdatter Stuedal and Ole Gudmundsen Hilmo's children:
a. Gudmund, born in 1789, perished in 1810 at Gilså mine.
b. Marit, born in 1792.
c. Ingeborg, born in 1794, died in 1859.
d. Anne, born in 1796.
e. Ole, born in 1799 died in 1876.
f. Kari, born in 1802, died in 1852.


Peder Jonsen Brenden og Gidsken Olsdatter Stuedals barn:
a. Ingeborg, født i 1801, død i 1857.
b. Guri, født i 1803, død i 1824.
c. Marit, født i 1806, død i 1845. She was the first of the 4 wives of Sven Olsen, Ramlo.
d. Jon, født i 1808, død i 1825.
e. Ole, født i 1811, død i 1871. Ole got the farm. He was married to Beret Hallsteinsdatter Grønset, of old and large families, the Aas and Grønset families.
f. Kari, født i 1814, død i 1815.
g. Peder, født i 1816.

Ole Pedersen Brenden og Beret Hallsteinsdatters barn:
a. Gidsken, født i 1836, død i 1836.
b. Gidsken, født i 1837, død i 1934, gift med Børre Estensen Midtaune. Børre took over the farm.
c. Kari, født i 1841, gift med Einar Nilsen Graae, Tydal.
d. Gjertrud, født i 1844, død i 1882, married to rail foreman Arnt Bollingmo.
e. Peder, født i 1848, død i 1928, gift med Beret Gilsetmo.
f. Guri, født i 1851, død i 1921, gift med Anders A. Aune, Tydal.

Børre Estensen Midtaune og Gidsken Olsdatters barn:
a. Ole, født i 1862, død i 1945, gift med Beret Ingebrigtsdatter Tronsaunet.
b. Marit, født i 1865, gift med Hans Jonsen Storli.

Ole Børresen og Beret Ingebrigtsdatters barn:
Beret Marie, født i 1896, gift med Arnt Georg Johansen Bergan.

Anne Halvorsdatters parents were: Halvor Eriksen og Ingeborg Olsdatter. About 1800 Halvor and Ingeborg moved to Stuedal, where both died. Halvors father, Erik, was from Halvorsgarden, and moved in the period between 1730 - 1740 to Metlingen in Sweden.

After marrying Beret Gudmundsdatter from Hilmo, Ingebrigt settled at
Tømmerås in Meraker. Their children:
a. Ole, født i 1799, død 24. mai 1871, maried first time to Lusie Voldmo, second time to Johanne Andersdatter Krogen, født i 1806, død 29. juli 1866.
b. Anne, født i 1801, død 22. april 1884, gift med Johan Hansen Tangen, født i 1790, død 5. mars 1850. They lived at Tømmerås.
c. Ane, født 25. mai 1804, død 12. januar 1887, gift med Lars Larsen Kvernmo, født i 1804, død 2. januar 1865. De bodde på Kvernmo.
d. Tommas, født 3. september 1819, død 15. mai 1848, gift med Marta Svensdatter Bjørknes, født 1. august 1822, død 26. juli 1875.
e. Marit' født 3. september 1819.
f. Gudmund. He made spinning wheels, and died uunmarried from a careless knife wound in one thigh.

Ole Ingebrigtsen Tømmerås og Lusie Voldmo had a child, Sara, gift med Johannes Skurdalsvold.

Anne Ingebrigtsdatter Tømmerås og Jon Hansen Tangens barn:
a. Berit, født 14. mai 1827, gift med enkemann Peder Bessesen Pålsnes, født 15. september 1826, død 29. september 1909. They went to the U. S. A.
b. Ingebrigt, født 6. august 1829, død 4. juni 1873, gift med Marit Nilsdatter Flaten' født 4. mars 1837. They lived at Tømmeras.
c. Ingeborg, født i 1832, død i 1899, gift med Iver Johannessen Kluksdalen, født 2. oktober 1806, død 2. februar 1886.
d. Lisbet, født 1. november 1836, død i 1918, gift med Henning Eriksen Kirkeby, født 12. desember 1835, død i 1918, lived in America.
e. Ingeborg Karine, født i 1841, first married to a man from Skien, second time to one from Oslo.
f. Hans, født i 1845, død i 1908, gift med Marie Olsdatter Håum, født 1. oktober 1857. They went to America.

Ane Ingebrigtsdatter og Lars Larsen Kvernmo's barn:
a. Lars, født 12. mai 1828, død 24. mars 1891 gift med Marit Pedersdatter Bratmo, født 27. mai 1832, død 6. april 1908. They were the operators of Kvernmo.
b. Sigrid, født i 1831, død ung.
c. Sigrid, fØdt 24. juni 1841, død 9. oktober 1885, gift med Arnt Sivertsen Løften, født 19. september 1839, død 10. mars 1894. They went to America.
d. Gudmund, died young.
e. Ingebrigt, født 26. juli 1847, gift i Svolvaer, hvor hele familien døde.

Tommas Ingebriptsen og Marta Svensdatter Bjørknes's barn:
a. Gudmund, født 21. januar 1839, gift med Ingeborg Jonsdatter Gillan, født 11. mai 1841. They went to America.
b. Sven, født 11. mai 1841, gift med Gidsken Jonsdatter Gillan, født 14. februar 1844, død 15. juni 1909. They were the operators of Gillan.

Ingebrigt Jonsen Tømmerås og Marit Nilsdatters barn:
a. Anna, født 14. november 1861, married to carpenter 0. Hedemark, født i 1853. They went to America.
b. Jon, født 31. desember 1863, married in America.
c. Nils, født 25. november 1869, død 8. mars 1886.
d. Ingebrigt, født 2. juli 1873, went to America.

Ingeborg Jonsdatter Tømmerås og Iver Johannessen Kluksdals barn:
a. Johannes, født i 1859.
b. Anne Sofie, født i 1861, gift med Ingebrigt Gudmundsen Stordalen, født 15. juli 1866.
c. Johan Anton, født 1. mars 1864, gift med Inbeborg Pedersdatter Stordalen.
d. Gudmund, født i 1866, trained as a priest.
e. Sigrid, født i 1869.
f. Lovise, født i 1871.

Lisbet Jonsdatter Tømmerås og Henning Eriksen Kirkeby's barn:
a. Else.
b. Johan Anton.
c. Henry, professor in Minneapolis, U. S. A.
d. Tilda.

Hans Johnsen Tømmerås and Marie Olsdatter Håum's children:
a. Anne-Marie, født 23. mai 1876.
b. Josef, født 28. juli 1877.
c. Ole, født 25. juli 1880, died same day.
d. Ole født 20. september 1881.
e. Gustav Adolf, født 21. desember 1884.
f. Martin Benjamin, født 22. januar 1891, død 27. mai 1899. g. Anne Marie, født 3. juli 1894.

Lars Larsen Kvernmo and Marit Pedersdatter Bratmo's children:
a. Lars, født 10. juni 1856, død 6. november 1864.
b. Lars, født 21. april 1867, gift med Ounhild Halvardsdatter, født 27. oktober 1851, død 1. september 1940.
c. Peder, født 8. juni 1869, gift med Berit Monsdatter Håum, født 14. mars 1873, live at Kvernmo.

Sigrid Larsdatter Kvernmo and Arnt Sivertsen Løften's children:
a. Ingeborg, født 23. april 1863, død i 1895, gift med Sivert Olsen Knoppen, født 11. august 1861, lived in America.
b. Anne, født 25. oktober 1869, gift med Ole E. Lassesen. They left in 1890 for America. No children.
c. Oline, født 21. august 1878.

Gudmund Tommassen og Ingeborg Jonsdatter Gillans barn:
a. Tommas, født 28. februar 1860.
b. Jon, født 17. februar 1862, gift med Anne Olsdatter Stordalen, født 9. mai 1853.
c. Martha, født 18. desember 1863.
d. Ingebrigt, født 15. juli 1866, gift med Anna-Sofie Jonsdatter Tømmerås.
e. Nils, født 6. juli 1868.
f. Sigrid, født 22. januar 1870.
g. Berit, født 7. februar 1872.
h. Johanna, født 27. februar 1874.
i. Gurina.
j. Andreas, født 30. mai 1878.
k. Mali.
l. Mathilde.

Sven Tommassen Stordalen and Gidsken Jonsdatter Gillan's children:
a. Johanna, født 21. februar 1864, gift med Ole Pedersen Stenøyen, født 27. februar 1861.
b. Martha, født 24. august 1867, død 10. mars 1902, married first time to Jon Hansen Blestervold, født 12. oktober 1864, død 31. august 1894, a son: Ingebrigt, født 7. februar 1886. The second time Martha married Sivert Hanssen Udelven. No children.
c. Johannes, fØdt 19. mai 1870.
d. Jon, født 6. desember 1872.
e. Tomas, født 11. august 1875, gift med Ingeborg Johannesdatter Brekken. De hadde ett barn, Gidsken, født 26. november 1898.
f. Mathilde Serine, født 1876, død 10. oktober 1887.
g. Hans, født 14. mars 1878, gift med Ingeborg Pedersdatter Gjemse, født 28. mai 1884, død 17. februar 1918.
h. Severin, født 9. januar 1881, død 18. september 1899.
i. Ole, født 10. juli 1883, død 28. desember 1900.
j. Sigrid, født 12. januar 1886. k. Gidsken, født 21. februar 1888, død 24. januar 1890. 1. Gurina, født 25. desember 1890.

Anne Ingebrigtsdatter Tømmerås and 0. Hedemark's children:
a. John Ingmar.
b. Anne Mathilde.
c. Nils Georg.
d. Marie.
e. Oskar Adolf.

Lars Larsen Kvernmo and Gunhild Halvardsdatter's children:
a. Lars, født 1. juli 1889.
b. Halvor, født 23. mai 1892, gift med Selma Horten, født 7. august 1898, død 21. april 1919, one child.
c. Martin, født 30. januar 1894, død 13. november 1918.
d. Gustav, født 31. oktober 1896.

Peder Larssen Kvernmo and Berit Monsdatter Håum's children:
a. Martin, født 3. februar 1893, gift med Gidsken Tommasdatter Stordalen.
b. Lars, født 1. februar 1896, gift med Ragnhild Tangen.
c. Ingebrigt, født 9. juni 1898, gift med Oline Aspås.
d. Martin Severin, fÖdt 6. september 1900, gift med Ovedia Dalanes.
e. Mathias' født 24. april 1902' gift med Elen Molde.
f. Ole, født 26. oktober 1904, killed in accidernt at Kopperå, 34 years old.
g. Sigurd Alfred, født 2. august 1907, gift med Nanna Johansen Stordal.
h. Marit Serine, født 6. september 1909, gift med Johan Aspås.
i. Peder Bernhard, født 20. november 1911, gift med Borghild Baknes.
j. Ludvig, født 1. april 1914, død 22. november 1915.
k. Ludvig, født 6. november 1916, drowned 10 year old.

Ingeborg Arntsdatter Løjten and Sivert Olsen Knoppen's children:
a. Clara Sofie, født 2. januar 1887.
b. Albertine Oline, født 5. desember 1888.
c. Ida Sofie, født 3. mars 1892.
d. Hanna Kristine.

Berit Olsdatter and Ole Gudmundsen Hilmo's children:
a. Gudmund, født i 1789, perished in 1810 at Gilsa mine.
b. Marit, født i 1792.
c. Ingeborg, født i 1794, død i 1859, unmarried.
d. Anne, født i 1796.
e. Ole, født i 1799, død i 1876, gift med Guri Ingebrigtsdatter Gresli, født i 1800.
f. Kari, født i 1802, død i 1852? first married to Ole Håvåldsengen, død i 1837, second time to Hans Nilsen.

Ole Olsen Hilmo and Guri Ingebriptsdatter lived at Hilmogjerdet. They had the following children:
a. Ole, født i 1831, gift med Kjersti Jonasdatter Hilmo, født i 1840, went to the U. S. A.
b. Gudmunda, født i 1835, went to Sweden.
c. Ingebrigt, født i 1838, went to the U. S. A.
d. Hans, født i 1843, død i 1930, went to Jemtland in Sweden.

Kari Olsdatter and Ole Håvåldsengen's children:
a. Sigrid, født i 1824, død i 1905, gift med Andreas Olsen Stuesjø.
b. Ole, født i 1826, død i 1827.
c. Berit, født i 1827, død i 1903, gift med Mathis Evensen Patrusli. No children.
d. Barbro, født i 1835.
e. Ingeborg, født i 1837.

Kari Olsdatter and Hans Nilsen's children:
a. Ole, født i 1840, død i 1864, unmarried.
b. Gidsken, født i 1843, gmarried at Floren in Selbu.

Sigrid Olsdatter and Andreas Olsens children:
a. Ole, gift med Ragnhild Bergård.
b. Kari, gift med Peder Nesta, Selbu.
c. Ingebrigt, gift med Kari Brenastrø, perished at Kjøli mine.
d. Ole.
e. Hans.
f. Anedordi.


At the end of the 1600s and beginning of the 1700s there was a great emigration from Slesvig to Norge, mainly from Flensburg. To Trondheim also came several Flensburgers, who worked themselves to propsperity, especially as merchants. Among these was a merchant, Mathis Graae, who was also chief officer in Trondheim about 1700. In Danish Personal Histories I have found many of the Graae family, but not in chronologic order. One of the Graae family in Denmark is said to have written a book about the Graae family, but it was not to be published for 15 years after it was written. The deadline has now passed. The book cannot be found in the University library in Oslo. According to a Danish priest of the family the progenitor was a knight in the 1300, - "The Gray Knight" or "Ridder Graa".

His coat of arms is preserved in the heraldic collection in København, and several of the Graae family's renowned persons have used the arms in their signets.

The numbers of the family became plentiful in Flensburg, and spread out, especially in all of Denmark as priests, officers, merchants, artisans (several weavers) and brewers etc. I have found one Law Councillor and one State Councillor. The family also spread in Skåne. A son to the aforementioned Mathis Graae, Rasmus, born in 1683, died i 1761, was also a chief officer of Trondheim. He was married to Anna Dorthea Treschow. They had 4 children,
1. Peder, died in the East Indies.
2. Herman, died in 1777. He was an assistant at Negation on the Guinea coast.
3. Mette Margrethe was married in 1759 to the priest Wolff at Strinden, who in his time owned the Lade estate.
4. Agnete was married to Major M. C. Tønder of the Trondhjem's Infantry Regiment. When he died she moved to Denmark, and took up residence at Harboe's cloister.

A Kristoffer Graae was the magistrate in Lofoten. He died in 1690. The following could be his son's sons:
1. Per Hanssøn Graae, 29 in the census of 1701 at Langsund in Karlsøy.
2. Torsten Hanssøn Graae, 22 at the same census, tenant, Helgøen in Helgø parish,an sole man with a small, poor farm. In Christiania on the 15 Descember 1786 there was buried a "merchant's hand" Mauritz Graae. He could be a son to the Benoni Graae mentioned below. In Oslo there is a Graah family. This form of the name arose in that manner because a Lieutenant in Svendborg (of the Graae family) began to write Graah. Gregorius Graah was likely a son of his, merchant and War Commissioner, and from 1753-1786 a Direktor in København. From this branch of the family there also stems Knud Graah, who moved to Christiania. He built a weaving mill and worked it up to a large factory. Of the same branch I have found: Hans Christian Graah, weaver, died 11 September 1894 and August Wilhelm Graah, medical officer, born 21 May 1860 in Skandborg, died in 1904. Jacob Sørensen of the Graae family signed himself Graahe. He went to Iceland. He was married in October 1629 to Lisse Abelsdatter in Denmark, probably before he went to Iceland. He was on a visit to var pa København in 1687. Then he was 80 years old, and signed as a witness to a will, and described himself as a merchant in Iceland. I remember mymother telling, that her father once said, that he had a relative in Iceland whowas a businessman. Here we must point to a descendent of that Jacob Graahe. About 1680 there came to Kvikne: Benoni Graae from Slesvig. He was a miner and was employed by Kvikne mines. He lived at a place by the mine, and it was later called Gråbakk. Benoni Graae could have been a brother to the aforementioned Mathis Graae, who was a merchant and chief officer in Trondheim about 1700. Of Benoni Graaes children, I know with certainty only: Jakob Graae, born 27 December 1697, died 17 April 1777. He was a chrarcoal and forest warden at Indset smelter, Kvikne, and lived at the Fladmo farm, which he owned. He is supposed to have been married three times, I do not know the names of the first two wives. The third time he was married to Anne Johannesdatter Hagerup, born 15 Descember 1715 on the Frøvik farm in Nerø, Ytre Namdalen, and died 17 April 1794 at her daughtter Marthe Cathrine at Neby, Tønset. Known of the children from Jakob Graae's first marriage are:
a. Nils, born in 1723, died in 1798.
b. Benoni, born in 1724, died in 1768 as provision manager, buried at Kvikne church.

In 1759 Jakob Graae donated to Indset church a six-armed chandelier and two cows, that were to be put out to rent to provide candles for the chandelier. In his third marriage Jakob Graae had a daughter, Martha Cathrine, born in 1750 at Indset, died in 1839 at Neby, Tønset. She was married to baker Melchior Blomberg, born in Trondheim. He ran a bakery at the mining operation at Indset in Kvikne, and later bought the Neby farm at Tønset, where he operated a country store and inn.

Melchior Blomberg and Martha Cathrine Graae had these children:
a. Anne Kristine, baptized 7 March 1778, died in 1843, married Peder Tangen from Stange.
b. Jakoba Benona, baptized 3 December 1788, buried 4 February 1789.

Peder Tangen og Anne Kristine's children:
a. Ivar Julius, born 25 December 1813, died in Tyldal 26 June 1840.
b. Marie Cathrine, born 25 May 1815, died in Tyldal 8 October 1906.
c. Jakobine Michalie, born 4 September 1816, died 12 April 1840, married merchant Ivar Lykke, Trondheim.
d. Birgitte Talette, born in 1819, married to Mogens Marcus Wessel, descendent of the renowned Wessel family (Tordenskjold). She died 24 September 1844 in Hevne.
e. Martha Sophie, born 28 March 1821, died in Opdal 12 November 1902. She was married to the famous lay preacher and farmer Sivert Stengrimsen.
f. Anne Petronelle, born 23 November 1822, died 2 August 1902 in Foldal, married to Morten Mortenson. (Their sons: Silvver smelter director P. Mortenson and the poet-priest Ivar Mortenson Egnund).
g. Melchior Blomberg Tangen, born 29 March 1824, died 12 November 1905. He was first married to Inger Dorthea Wessel, sister of the aforementioned Mogens Marcus Wessel, ans the second time to Helene Dahler. Her father was married Hans Nilsen Hauge's widow.

3. Nils Jakobsen Graae, born in 1723, died i 1798. He was a smelter manager ved Indset smelter, and lived at Fladmo. He was married four times, first with Martha Nilsdatter Marstrand, born in 1725. (From her family history: Marstrand was originally a Norwegian family, of whom several members had been in technical stillinger. Nils Marstrand was provisions manager at Indset mines. He was married a second time to Anna Evensdatter Meldal of an old Nordland priestly family. Their daughter, Martha, born in 1725, was married to Nils Graae). Nils Graae was married a second time to Sophie Bech, born in 1723 and died in 1763. She was a daughter of city clerk Fredrik Bech in Trondheim and Cathrine Hendriksdatter Hornemann. (In the tax census for Kvikne 1762 there is listed under Indset, Sr. Niels Graae and wife Madam Graae, born Bech. With them lives Arne Hagerup. He is probably a brother of Jakob Graae's third wife, Anne Johannesdatter Hagerup. From this Arne Hagerup probably derives the Arne that has appeared among Jakob Graue's descendents). For the third time Nils Graae married to Clara Marie Tønder.
They were married in their home 22 March 1765, and on the fourth Sunday in Advent 1765 there was baptized at Indset church, Sr. Niels Graae and Clara Marie Tønder's son Jakob, died in 1766. Clara Marie Tønder was a sister to Margrete, born in 1735, died i 1798. She was married to the parish priest in Røros, Thomas von Westen Hammond. One of their forefathers, Dean in Trondheim, Ole Christophersen Tønder, was married to Maren Jørgensdatter Skjelderup. Here we find an explanation for the somewhat peculiar situation, that Nils Graae's third and fourth wives were both named Clara Marie. The fourth time Nils Graae was married to Clara Marie Skjelderup. They were married in 1767, and the same year Clara Marie gave birth to twins. She was a daughter to the smelter manager at Røros, Michel Skjelderup, who changed the spelling of his name to Schjelderup. Nils Graae and Clara Marie, born Skjelderup, on 3 December 1788 were godparents to Melchior Blomberg's og Clara Marie Jakobsdatter's child Jakoba Benona. The 5 November 1791 Nils Graae was a godfather to Ulrich Buchman Flohr's child. From this we can perhaps conclude that Nils Graae's fourth wife died between 1788 and 1791.

This with Nils Graae's four marriages in such a short period after one another seemed to me a bit unbelievable.Therefore I began careful investigations, and these confirmed the four raoid succession marriages. For the same reason I have also recorded so many details concerning each marriage. These do not uncover any really praiseworthy impression og Nils Graae, according to our time's understanding at least. It does show however, that he had a great ability to get wives from "good families".

Nils Graae's child from the first marriage was clearly: Martha Cathrine, confirmed in Tønset 25th Sunday in Trinity in 1766. Children from other marriages are not known.

Children in third marriage:
a. Jakob, døpt i 1765, død i 1766.
b. Martha Sophie, døpt 27. februar 1766 in Elvedal kirke.

Children in fourth marriage:
a. Jakob, født i 1767, and his twin sister,
b. Anna Elisabet, død i 1843, gift med Kristian Norby, født i 1765, son of the sexton in Tønset, Jens Pedersen Norby. Kristian Nordby became sheriff in Selbu, and for a time a member of parliament.
c. Anna Sophie, døpt 7th Sunday in Trin. i 1768, and buried llth Sunday in Trin. same year.
d. Anna Sophie, døpt 29th Sunday in Trin. 1769.

4. Jakob Nilsen Graae, born in 1767, was for a time smelter manager at Foldal Works, but was "suspended". He was married to Anna Iversen. After Jakob was suspended as manager, he was at loose ends. In 1799 he is the operator of Bårdsgardsøyen in Selbu. Possibly he had come to Selbu as functionary at the smelter there. In 1801 he lived at Lunden in Tydal. Selbu Works owned this farm for a time, and later by Jakob Graae's brother-in-law mine foreman Johannes Iversen. Iversen later bought Østeraunet. Jakob's son, Nils, became owner of Østeraunet after Iversen's death. It has since been owned by his descendants. Jakob Graae's family certainly lived in their time with his wife's relatives in Foldal, and some daughters seem to have lived steadily at Foldal or at Tønset. His wife and son Nils came, meanwhile, to his wife's brother, mine foreman Iversen, at Østeraunet in Tydal. Hi wife was buried in Tydal. From the renowned community and family historian Didrikshaug in Kvikne, I have obtained the following information about Jakob Graae. In 1812 he was sent to Denmark to purchase grain. The ship was captured by the English, and Jakob sat in English prison until 1814. This informationis not improbable, in that the mining companies in Norway made great efforts to obtain grain for their people, and nothing more natural than that Jakob, who was unemployed as a mine functionary, was sent on a grain-buying expedition. He had many relatives in Denmark, both businessmen and officials. Meanwhile there is preserved by the Graae family's descendants in Tydal, a journal record by Jakob's son, Nils, and it is quoted here:

"Den 25th November 1808 I went out from Trondheim with Capt. Møller who commanded the Brig 'Kong Eduard', belonging to Hr. Vogelsang of Trondheim. The 1st January 1809 came to Bardoux (Bordeaux) where we unloaded our cargo consisting of fish and fish oil and loaded with wine and brandy to take to Trondheim. We left there the 30th March, and the 14th April were captured by an English frigate called 'Minerva'. The 3rd May came aboard the prison ship 'Prothol' lying at Portsmouth. The 22nd April 1813 I finally obtained my freedom by means of petitions presented by Hr. Robert Dall in Christiansund and Capt. John Wood from Aberdeen in Scotland. The 23rd the same went to London. The 23rd got lodging with Mr. Blaasius No. 23 Hill Street, Tinsbuug Square. The 1st May I hired on with Capt. Lars I. Larsen from Arendal, the ship 'Harmonie' belonging to Hr. Jacob Ebel the same ship.

Den 12th July went from London and arrived at Arendal the 24th the same. The 29th got our accounts settled and went to Christiansand, where we arrived the 31st the same.

The 6th August went to Bergen with Skipper Jon Tønnesen and arrived there the 13th.

The 8th September left there with Capt. Bøhn on the schooner Nyiaden and arrived at Christiansund the lst October.

The 14th Febr. 1814 sailed from Christiansund, skipper Jon Myre from Trondheim where we arrived the 17th the same. Went from Trondheim the 25th and arrived at Ejdem in Selboe the 26th. The 3rd March went to Tydalen."

The question is then: Does Didrikshaug's information touch on some confusion? It is, however, so definite in details that it has the stamp of credibility. Nor is it inconceivable that both father and son had sat in English imprisonment. This fate was suffered by many who dared to sail the seas in those times. Of what finally became of Jakob I have no information. He has disappeared.

Jakob Groues and Anna Iversen's children:
a. Nils, died young in Foldal.
b. Arne, født i 1791, died young, but after 1801 in Tydal.
c. Nils, født i 1792, død i 1845.
Besides there were probably two or three daughters, who remained living with relatives in Foldal, among them Sara, born in 1797. She was married to Elgaen. Her daughter, Johanna, seems to have been somewhat flighty and otherwise led a rather sinful life. She had children with two different men, two sons. One, Johan Hansen, now a known author with another family name. The other had been a barber in Steinkjer (Dahl?).

5. Nils Jakobsen Graae, married to Maren Einarsdatter Løvøen, Tydal, born in 1796, died in 1862. She was a granddaughter of Lars Einarsen and Maren Ingebrigtsdatter. She was daughter of Ingebrigt Halvorsen Stuedal.

Nils Jakobsen Groae and Maren Einarsdatter Løvøen's children:
a. Jakob, født 15. desember 1822, død 18. desember 1888.
b. Ingebrigt, født i 1824, died young.
c. Einar, født i 1832, død i 1898, gift med Kari Brenden fra Haltdalen.
d. Arne, født 20. september 1826, død 13. august 1900, gift med Anne Olsdatter Stuevold, født 2. desember 1825, død 13. februar 1898.
e. Ane-Martha, født 26. desember 1830, død 5. mars 1906, gift med Peder Hansen Svelmo, født 28. februar 1827, død 19. mai 1901.
f. Kari, født 4. mai 1835, død 17. februar 1920, gift med Peder Olsen Stuedahl.
g. Johannes, født i 1838, died young.

6. Jakob Nilsen Graue, married first to Kari Pedersdatter Vintervold fra Glåmos (Jensvold), født i 1842. He was married a second time to Maren Taraldsdatter Gjerde fra Ålen, født i 1842, død i 1889.
Child in first marriage:
Kari, født 9. november 1866, gift med Ole Rønning, født 28. februar 1864. Children in second marriage:
a. Nils, født 15. juli 1872, gift med Ragnhild Andersdatter Aune, født 5. februar 1875, død 1945.
b. Helga, født 23. april 1881, gift med Ole Jensgård Østby, født 2. juli 1875.

Arne Nilsen Graue and Ane Olsdatter Stuevold's children:
a. Maren, født 6. mars 1851, død 11. juli 1920, gift med Ingebrigt Larsen Aune Lillebakktrø, født i 1847, død 14. mai 1922.
b. Magli, født 30. august 1853, død 10. november 1914.
c. Nils, født 22. november 1855, død 15. september 1889.
d. Ole, født 23. mai 1862, død 27. juli 1887.

Ane-Martha Nilsdatter Graae and Peder Hanssen Svelmo's children:
a. Nils, født 9. november 1850, død 30. desember 1942. gift med Rebekka Olsdatter Østbyhaug, født 16. desember 1855, død 23. september 1935.
b. Gidsken, født 1. februar 1853, død 12. mars 1927, gifi; med Peder Ingebrigtsen Kirkvold, født 6. mai 1852, død 26. november 1925.
c. Maren, født 11. februar 1859, død 25. november 1944, gift med Jon Olsen Østbyhaug, født 7. desember 1854, død 7. oktober 1929.
d. Hans, født 6. august 1864, død 24. januar 1929, gift med Kirsti Jonsdatter Østby, født 3. august 1869.

Løvøen is first found in bailiff's accounts and cadasters between 1647 and 1660 and was assessed at 6 marklag. In 1661 Jens Gulliksen is shown as leaser and operator. In the census of 1701 he is 90 years, and has a son, Peder, who is 60 years. Peder had taken over the farm between 1682 and 1692. Between 1711 og 1723 Bent Simonsen took over the farm, he was a son of a sexton in Handøl. He was married to Peder Jensen's daughter, Dordi. Bent died in 1758, 99 years old. Bent and Dordi presumably had no children, since Einar Olsen from Østby, married to Ingeborg Larsdatter, came as the operator of the farm between 1740 and 1754. Einar Olsen was from Østbyhaugen. Since he had a daughter named Siri, it is possible that he was a son to a widow Siri, who had one of the Østby farms in 1723. Anything more about Einar Olsens forefathers I have not had success in obtaining.

Einar Olsen and Ingeborg Larsdatter's children:
a. Lars, født i 1734, død i 1805, gift i 1759 med Maren Ingebrigtsdatter Stuedal, født i 1737.
b. Siri, gift 1759 med Halvor Ingebrigtsen Stuedal, født i 1733.

Lars Einarsen Løvøen and Maren Ingebrigtsdatter Stuedal's children:
a. Ingeborg, født i 1760, død i 1838, married first to Tomas Jonsen Østbyhaugen, død i 1790, second time to Gutorm Olsen Aas (Lunden).
b. Ingebrigt, født i 1763, død i 1832, gift med Kari Jonsdatter Brenden fra Haltdalen, født i 1770, død i 1843.
c. Einar, født i 1767, død i 1832, gift med Ragnhild Henningsdatter Stuedal, født i 1769, død i 1854. They lived at "ustpågjerdet", Løvøen.
d. Ole, født i 1769, død i 1824, gift med Annelisbet Larsdatter Østby (Jensgården), født i 1786, død i 1864. They lived at Brekka.
e. Peder, født i 1772, død i 1858, first married to Ragnhild Olsdatter Aune (Bortstuen), født i 1781, død i 1814. Second time to Sigrid Andersdatter Gresli (OlAndersgården)' født i 1780, død i 1859. Peder became the operator of Brennasen.
f. Guri, født i 1775, død som barn.
g. Hans, født i 1777, død i 1778.
h. Hans, født i 1780, died as a child.

Ingebrigt Larssen Løvøen and Kari Jonsdatter Brenden's children:
a. Guri, født i 1794, død i 1843, gift med Henning Henningsen Stuedal nedre, født i 1788, død i 1856.
b. Maren, født i 1798, død i 1863, gift med Nils Jakobsen Graae, født i 1792, død i 1845.
c. Lars, født i 1801, død i 1870, gift med Rebekka Andersdatter Myrmo (Aursunden), fØdt i 1799, død i 1884.
d. Jon, født i 1804, gift med Anne Henningsdatter Stuedal nedre, født i 1814. They went to America.
e. Einar, født i 1807, død i 1877, gift med Lovise Olsdatter Brekken, født i 1814, død i 1898.
f. Ingeborg, født 27. juli 1809, first married to Einar Einarsen. They had a son Einar, født 4. april 1836, død 7. november 1875, gift med Ingeborg Pedersdatter Storrønning, født i 1848, død i 1923. The second time Ingeborg was married to Per Person fra Ljungdalen, født i 1819, død i 1896. (See Ljungdal-slekten.)
g. Peder, født 5. september 1812, død i 1894. He called himself Løveng, and settled as a merchant in Trondheim, owner of Olav Tryggvessons gt. 20. Han var gift med Christine Hagen, født i 1818, død i 1900.

Peder Løveng and Christine Hagen's children:
a. Johan, died young.
b. Petra, født 10. mai 1847, død i Trondheim 30. januar 1930, gift med Hanibal Hartmann 17. oktober 1873. Hartmann was headmaster at Klæbu - Levanger teacher's college. Han var født 23. april 1843, og død pa Levanger 16. mars 1908. Both are buried at the Cathdral cemetery in Trondheim.
c. Nils, died young.
d. Marie, died young.
e. Grethe, died young.

Petra Løveng og Hanibal Hartmann's children:
a. Bergljot, født 31. juli 1874, død 3. mars 1894.
b. Tryggve Løveng, fØdt 31. mars 1876, død 27. januar 1902.
c. Dagny, født 30. november 1877, gift 10. desember 1910 to bank director Einar Holst, Trondheim.
d. Gudrun, født 14. mai 1879, gift 10. mai 1902 to dentist Arne Sejersted, Kristiansand.
e. Valborg, født 20. desember 1883, gift 23. desember 1912 to veterinarian Koren Lund.
f. Sverre Hannibal, født 14. august 1885, dentist, gift i 1921 med Astri Duborg, Oslo.
g. Halfdan Brodahl, født 10. mars 1887, død 21. april 1895.

Lars Ingebrigtsen Løvøen and Rebecka Andersdatter's children:
a. Lisbet, født i 1820, død i 1905, gift med Ole Jonsen Østbyhaug, født i 1819, død i 1890.
b. Kari, født i 1824, død i 1880, gift med Jon Jonsen Halden, Alen, død i 1869, 86∏ years old. They both died at Løvøen, childless.
c. Seri, født i 1825, død i 1853, gift med Ole Jonsen Østby (Jensgården), født i 1826.
d. Ingeborg, født i 1827, gift i 1852 med Peder Henningser. Aas (Ustgård), født 23. juli 1825.
e. Andrea, født i 1829, gift 16. juli 1853 med Jon Arntsen Hilmo, went to the U. S. A.
f. Ingebrigt, født i 1830, gift med Ingeborg Eriksdatter Engan fra Alen. They lived at Nyhåggån (Løvøen) until they became old. They were childless and died at Ingeborg's relatives in Ålen.
g. Ole, født 25. desember 1833, died young.
h. Gjertrud, født 21. februar 1835, død i 1866, gift med Lars Larsen Østby (Sjursgården), født i 1833, død i 1908.
i. Maren, født i 1836, gift med Holger Andersen Hilmo, født i 1820, went to the U. S. A.
j. Lars, født 1. februar 1840, død i 1925, gift med Marit Larsdotter fra Ljungdalen, født 19. august 1839, død i 1898. They were operators of Løvøen farm.

Lars Larsen Løvøen and Marit Larsdotter's children:
a. Rebekka, født i 1862, død i 1867.
b. Anne, født 3. juli 1864, død 14. mai 1941, gift med Lars Johnsen Østby, født i 1864, død i 1918. They lived in Røros.
c. Lars, født 13. august 1866, gift med Maren Pedersdatter Stuedal, født 30. mai 1877. They operated Løvøen farm.
d. Rebekka, født 27. august 1869, død 17. juni 1939, gift med Ole Pedersen Stugudal, født 8. desember 1859, død 22. desember 1945.
e. Lauritz, født i 1873, død i 1875.
f. Lauritz, født 4. september 1876, gift med Kari Pedersdatter Kirkvold, født i 1879. They were in Canada Canada for several years and then bought one of the Kirkvold farms, where they built and live
g. Gjertrud Sofie, født i 1879, død i l900.

Ingeborg Larsdatter Løvøen and Tomas Jonsen Østhy's children:
a. Jon' født i 1784, død i 1844, gift med Anne Bersvendsdatter Østby. They lived at øvre Nygård.
b. Lars, født i 1788, død i 1855, gift med Sigrid Pedersdatter Henmo, født i 1800, død i 1885. They lived at Henmo.
c. Magli, født i 1794, død i 1881, gift med Ole Larssen Stuevold, født i 1788, død i 1872.

Ingeborg Larsdatter Løvøen and Gutorm Olsen Lunden's children:
Berit, født i 1799, gift med Henning Saksesen Rotvold, født i 1800, død i 1871.

Einar Larsen Løvøen and Ragnhild Henningsdatter's children:
a. Maren, født i 1795.
b. Lars, født i 1797, død i 1875, gift med Ingeborg Pedersdatter Kirkvold, født i 1797, død i 1885.
c. Henning, født i 1799, død i 1887, gift med Ingeborg Pedersdatter Stuedal, født i 1801, død i 1877. They lived at Ustgarden, Aas.
d. Einar, født i 1801, død i 1840, gift med Ingeborg Ingebrigtsdatter Løvøen, født i 1809.
e. Anne, født i 1803.
f. Erik, født i 1806, død i 1807.
g. Erik, født i 1808. He was unmarried. He went through the ice at Stuesjøen and drowned 24. november 1844. Was the father of Einar Nygård.
h. Sigrid, født i 1812, død i 1849, gift med Jens Larsen Østby (Bersvendsgarden), født i 1797, død i 1866. No children.

Ole Larssen Østhyhaug and Annelisbet Larsdatter Østby's children:
a. Maren, født i 1807, død i 1880, gift med Ole Olsen Aune.
b. Lars, født i 1809 and
c. Berit, født i 1811 ~ They prished in Kistafossen (waterfall) in July 1828.
d. Lovise, født i 1815, død i 1898, gift med Einar Ingebrigtsen Løvøen, født i 1807, død i 1877. They ran Brekka.
e. Berte, født i 1821, død i 1864, gift med Lars Larsen Henmo, født i 1830, død i 1908. They lived at Langmyren.

Peder Larsen Løvøen and Ragnhild Olsdatter Aune's children:
a. Lars, født i 1805, død i 1876, gift med Beret Larsdatter Stuevold, født i 1810, død i 1895.
b. Ole, født i 1808, død i 1882, gift med Marit Olsdatter Jenshaugen, Aas. They lived at Brennåstrøen, and were childless.
c. Maren, født i 1810, gift med Ingebrigt Pedersen Berggård. They went to the U. S. A.
d. Kari, født i 1811, død i 1878, gift med Svend Olsen Jenshauggjerdet.

Guri Ingebrigtsdatter Løvøen and Henning Henningsen Stuedal's children:
a. Lisbet, født 24. september 1827, død i 1870, gift med Peder Hansen Hilmo, født i 1824. They lived at Klokkervolden. After Lisbet's death Peder and his children went to the U. S. A.
b. Kari, født i 1830, gift med enkemann Ole Jonsen Østby (Jensgården), født i 1826. They went to the U. S. A.
c. Erik, født i 1834. For a time he was with his relative E. C. Dahl in Trondheim, went to the U. S. A.
d. Ingebrigt, født i 1836, død i 1857.

Jon Ingebrigtsen Løvøen and Anne Henningsdatter Stuedal's children:
a. Ingebrigt, født i 1836, gift med Guri Olsdatter Anunetrø, født i 1838, went 1867 to America.
b. Henning, født i 1838.
c. Guri, født i 1844.
d. Lars, født i 1846. Went to America.
e. Lisbet, født i 1847.

Einar Ingebrigtsen Løvøen and Lovise Olsdatter Brekken's children:
a. Kari, født i 1837, død i 1889.
b. Beret, født i 1839, død i 1924, gift med Elias Larssen Henmo, født i 1839, død i 1918.
c. Ingebrigt, født i 1843, død i 1865.
d. Annelisbet, født i 1845, went 1869 to America.
e. Guri, født i 1849, gift med Ole Ingebrigtsen Berggård, født i 1841, went to America.
f. Oline, født i 1853, went 1881 to America.
g. Johanne Marie, født i 1856, went 1878 to America.

Ole Jonsen Østbyhaug and Lisbet Larsdatter Løvøen's children:
a. Beret, født i 1849, død i 1925, gift med Jens Olsen Aashaug, født i 1852.
b. Jon, født i 1851, død i 1929, gift med Maren Pedersdatter Svelmo, født i 1859, død i 1944, operators of Østbyhaug.
c. Lars, født i 1853, died young.
d. Rebekka, født i 1855, gift med Nils Pedersen Svelmo, født i 1850, død i 1912.
e. Seri, født i 1860, død i 1908, gift med Ole Jensen Aas Bønstrø, født i 1852, død i 1937. Went 1882 to America.
f. Anne, født i 1863.
g. Lars, født i 1858, død i 1943, gift med Guri Jonsdatter Stentrø, født i 1869.

Peder Henningsen Aas and Ingeborg Larsdatter Løvøen went 1869 to the U. S. A. with these children:
a. Josef, født i 1849.
b. Einar, født i 1851.
c. Anne, født i 1852.
d. Henning, født i 1853.
e. Lars, født i 1855.
f. Ingebrigt, født i 1857.
g. Ole, født i 1859.
h. Peder, født i 1861.
i. Rebekka, født i 1864.
j. Anders, født i 1867.
k. Erik, født i 1869.
1. Tea, født i Amerika.

Holger Andersen Hilmo and Maren Larsdatter Løvøen had these children when they in i 1866 went to the U. S. A.:
a. Anders, født i 1859.
b. Lars, født i 1861.
c. Magnhild, født i 1863.
d. Jokum, født i 1864.
e. Rebekka, født i 1866.


Anne Pedersdatter Stendal, married to Lars Pehrson, born 9 November 1805, died 16. November 1889. Their children:
a. Anna, born 19 November 1836? died 15 September 1914, married 1 July 1860 to Karl Jonson Skärkdalen, born 13 December 1833, died 30 July 1913.
b. Marit, born 19 August 1839, died in 1898, married in 1863 to Lars Larsen Løvøen.
c. Ingeborg, born 11 July 1844, died 22 October 1923, married to Olof Ingebrektsson from Tydal, born 22 January 1839? died 30 October 1924.
d. Sigrid, born 13 November 1841, died 29 January 1916, married to Olof Månsson, born 28 April 1847, died 7 Maiy 1885. They had one child, Måns, born 26 November 1878, died 26 September 1890.
e. Anna, born 30 March 1852, died 10 May 1883? unmaried. A daughter Lovisa Jönsson, born 31 December 1882, moved to Norway 19 March 1906.
f. Greta, born 30 March 1852, died 26 December 1945, married to Lars Olsen Stuedal, born 9 April 1850. Greta had a daughter, Anna Svenson, born 4 July 1878. She went to the U. S. A.
g. Per, born 22 November 1848, died 22 August 1918? unmarried.

Anna Larsson and Karl Jonsson Skärkdalen's children:
a. Lisa, born 27 June 1861, unmarried.
b. Anna, married to Per Johansson Långstrøm, Storsjø.

Ingeborg Larsson and Olof Ingebrektsson's children:
a. Anna, born 18 August 1871, married to Måns Svensson Winberg.
b. Lars, born 12 December 1873, married to Emerentia Svensson.
c. Idvard Petrus, born 28 June 1894, married to Ida Katarina Hedmark.

Ingeborg Ingebrigtsdatter Løvøen og Per Person's children:
a. Per born 1 December 1844, died 25 May 1912, married in 1868 to Gølin Olofsdatter from Storsjø, born 16 July 1847, died 27 November 1917.
b. Märet, born 25 December 1848, died 5 June l909, married in 1877 to Sven Persson, born 17 November 1845.
c. Ingeborg, born 23 November 1851, unmarried.

Per Person and Gørlin Olofsdatter's children:
a. Olof, born 16 December 1868, died 24 July 1926, married Brita Kristina Persson, Mässlingen, born 24 September 1868.
b. Märet, born 6 November 1876, married in 1903 to Erik Gustaf Nilsson, born 23 February 1876.
c. Ingeborg, born 3 November 1870, married to a man from Undersåker.
d. Kerstin, born 8 June 1874.

Märet Person and Sven Persson's chilkdren:
1. Magnhild, born 13 October 1877
b. Per, born 5 November 1884
c. Emma Petronella, born 7 April 1888.


Mogens Larsen Catz, født i 1649. Hans sønner:
a. Lars Mogensen, født i 1679.
b. Rasmus, født i 1680, død i 1757. Han kom til Næsvold i Ålen og antok navnet Næsvold. Han var gift to ganger, og hadde en datter Ingeborg. Se nedenfor.
c. Jakob, født i 1886, bodde ved Galåen, Røros.
d. Antonius, født i 1689.
Ingeborg Rasmusdatter var gift to ganger, første gang med Anders Bersvendsen, født i 1700, død i 1757, annen gang med Lars Olsen Nyplads. Ingen barn i siste ekteskap.

Ingeborg Rasmusdatter og Anders Bersvendsens barn:
a. Bersvend, gift med Beret Olsdatter Reitan.
b. Ivar, gift med Ingeborg Ellingsdatter Holte. De bodde pa Stene i Ålen.
c. Svend, gift med enken Johanna Helsing' født Bing. Svend var utdannet som baker, og reiste til Kristiansund. Han kalte seg Vold, og døde i 1796.

Bersvend Andersen og Beret Olsdatters barn:
a. Anders, gift med Kjersti Ingebrigtsdatter Dypdal, Ålen.
b. Ole, gift med Johanne Borkgrevink, Røros.
c. Lars, døpt 20. februar 1774, død i 1853. gift i 1810 med Ragnhild Larsdatter Stuevold, født 18. desember 1786, død i 1870. De bodde på Fossan i Tydal.
d. Rasmus, gift med enken Ingeborg Borstu, Alen.
e. Kari, gift med Peder Andersen Ryen, bodde i Østerli, Ålen.
f. Ragnhild, født 11. mai 1770, død i 1845. Hun kom til sin farbror Svend i Kristiansund, og ble gift to ganger, første gang med enkemann Hansen, annen gang med enkemann Morten Helsing, født i 1759, død 6. mai 1821.

Lars Bersvendsen Naesvold og Ragnhild Larsdatter Stuevolds barn:
a. Beret, født 23. juni 1811, død 11. juli 1859, gift 2. juli 1831 med Ole Pedersen Stuedahl, født 7. februar 1805, død 10. april 1885.
b. Erik, født 9. februar 1814, død 13. juni 1907, gift 20. mars 1842 med Brynhild Johnsdatter Løvlimo fra MerAker, født 1. februar 1820, død 9. mai 1893.

Erik Nesrold og Brynhild Johnsdatter Lpulimos barn:
a. Svend, født 12. mars 1843, død 13. juli 1932, ugift.
b. Magli, født 13. februar 1845, død 4. mai 1916, gift 7. juli 1873 med Ole Olsen Henmo, født 7. juli 1843, død 17. oktober 1927. Han var lærer i Selbu.
c. Lars, født 24. september 1847, død 4. februar 1928, gift 3. januar 1875 med Kari Ingebrigtsdatter Kirkvold, født 11. mars 1844, død i 1877.
d. Ragnhild, født 16. oktober 1850, død 3. november 1910, ugift.
e. Hanna Elisabet, født 30. oktober 1853, død 26. juni 1899, gift 2. juli 1883 med lærer Torstein Pedersen Øren, født 22. september 1857, død 13. oktober 1938.
f. Maren, født 6. juni 1856, død 21. februar 1858.
g. Anne Kjerstina, født 23. september 1859, død 2. november 1859.
h. John, født 25. februar 1858, død 21. oktober 1860.
i. Maren, født 2. september 1861, død 21. oktober 1907, gift 3. januar 1886 med Ole Hågensen Gjesmo, Tiller, født 29. mai 1854, død i 1929.

Magli Næsvold og Ole Henmos barn:
a. Olav, født 9. august 1874, død 27. september 1938, gift 12. juli 1913 med Olava Olsdatter Lysestøl, født 15. november 1882. Lærer og lærerinne i Trondheim.
b. Ingeborg, født 26. juni 1877, gift 2. november 1908 med Tomas Tomassen Garberg. Barnløse.
c. Erik Næsvold, født 10. juli 1880, gift 3. juli 1933 med Åshild Mørkved, født 14. mai 1901. Ingeniør og bor i Trondheim.
d. Jon, født 21. juni 1833, gift med Gro Kollag, forstmester.
e. Brynhild, født 10. september 1886, ugift, lærerinn.e i Trondheim.

Lars Næsvold og Kari Kirkvolds barn:
a. Jon, født 29. juni 1874, ugift. Ordfører i Tydal fra 1920 til 1933.
b. Brynhild, født 4. juli 1875, død 14. oktober 1875.
c. Brynhild, født 20. desember 1876, gift 31. mai 1909 med lærer Bardo Kristensen Rolset, født 8. juni 1876, død 2. Oktober 1935.

Hanna Elisabet Nesvold og Torstein Ørens barn:
a. Åsta, født 9 aprll 1884, død 25. juli 1915, lærerinne, ugift.
b. Erik, født 6. februar 1886, gift 13. juli 1918 med Olga Kristoffersdatter Moen, født 9. april 1888. Lærer og lærerinne i Trondheim.
c. Brynhild, født 2. april 1889, gift 1. august 1909 med Sverre R. Kvithammer, født 30. desember 1885.
d. Samuel, født 5. juli 1891, død 28. september 1918

Maren Næsvold og Ole Gjesmo's barn:
a. Gjertrud, født 20. mai 1887, død 15. april 1905, ugift.
b. Hågen, født 6. februar 1889, død 22. juli 1907.
c. Erik, født 4. januar 1892, ugift.
d. Brynhild, født 1. mars 1894, død 23. april 1906.
e. Anna Kjerstina, født 9. juli 1886, død 18. november 1914.
f. Halvor Egil, født 29. mai 1899, død 3. august 1927, ugift.
g. Olaf født 19. april 1901.
h. Ragnhild, født 16. august 1902, død 20. november 1917.
i. Svend, født 6. febuar 1906.

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Olaf Kringhaug translated the book "Tydalslekten"
from Norwegian to English. No part of this translation may be reproduced in any form or by any electronic or mechanical means including information storage and retrieval systems without written consent from Margit Nysetvold Bakke.
© 2004-2015 Olaf Kringhaug